Flashcards in Psychiatry Ethics and Law Deck (11):
Describe section 2 of the mental health act
Admitted to a hospital and detained for ASSESSMENT made by AMHP or nearest relative, for a period of no longer than 28 days
- Patient must be suffering from a mental health condition
- detained in the interest of patients own health or safety of others
Admission must be made <14 days after recommendation is made
How many registered medical practitioners are needed to recommend Section 2 or 3?
2 separate doctors - one who has specialist training
Doctors must see patient within 5 days of each other
Describe section 3 of the mental health act
Admit and detain patient at hospital for TREATMENT made by AMHP or nearest relative
Can be detained for up to 6 months
- Suffering from mental disorder
- Necessary for patients health or safety of others
- Appropriate treatment is available
Describe section 4 of the mental health act
Emergency admission for assessment or treatment made by either AMHP or nearest relative for a period of no longer than 72 hours
- Need assessment or treatment
- in interest of patients health of safety of others
- Using section 2 would cause undesirable delay
How many registered medical practitioners are needed to recommend a section 4?
Only a single recommendation is required by a medical practitioner who has had previous acquaintance with the patient
Describe section 5 of the mental health act
Detention in a hospital that you are currently an informal/voluntary patient
For no longer than 72 hours if the doctor in charge is recommending section 5
For no longer than 6 hours if a prescribing class nurse is recommending
What ate the five key principles of the mental capacity act?
1. Presumption of capacity
2. Individuals must be supported in every possible way to help make decisions
3. People must be allowed to make unwise decisions
4. Decisions must be made in best interests of patient
5. Decisions made must be the least restrictive option
When is a person deemed not to have capacity?
When they cant do one or more of the following:
1. Understand information given to them
2. Retain information long enough to make the decision
3. Weigh up the information given to them
4. Must be able to communicate the decision
What does DOLS stand for?
Deprivation Of Liberty Safeguarding
Who does DOLS apply to?
Only applies to people in a hospital or a care home - who lack capacity to make decisions for themselves