PT 103 - CNS - Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT 103 - CNS - Unit 3 Deck (45):
1

B: Trileptal

G: oxcarbazepine
CLASS: anticonvulsant

2

B: Flexeril

G: cyclobenzaprine
CLASS: skeletal muscle relaxant

3

B: Percocet

G: oxycodone/APAP
CLASS: analgesic opioid combo

4

B: Naprosyn

G: naproxen
CLASS: NSAIDS

5

B: Actonel

G: risedronate
CLASS: calcium metabolism modifiers

6

B: Tylenol

G: acetaminophen (APAP)
CLASS: analgesic

7

B: Zometa

G: zoledronic acid
CLASS: calcium metabolism modifiers

8

B: Tylenol w/ codeine

G: acetaminophen (APAP) w/ codeine
CLASS: analgesic

9

B: Lortab

G: hydrocodone + acetaminophen (APAP)
CLASS: analgesic

10

B: Activilla, Prempro

G: congugated estrogen/medroxyprogesterone
CLASS: estrogen/progestin hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

11

Q: What is the DIFFERENCE between MALIGNANT and BENIGN tumors?

A1: MALIGNANT = cancerous
A2: BENIGN = non-cancerous

12

Q: WHAT is the generic name for MIACALCIN?

A: calcitonin nasal

13

Q: Estrogen is used for WHAT type of therapy?

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

14

Q: WHAT is the generic name for GARAMYCIN?

A: gentamycin

15

Q: WHAT is the generic name for BLEPH-10?

A: sulfacetamide optithalmic

16

Q: WHAT is the only dosage form that ERYTHROMYCIN medication (for the eye) is available in?

A: drops

17

Q: Muscles used for controlling ____________ and __________ are connected to the cranial bones.

A: head movements
A: chewing motions

18

Q: WHAT is EVISTA used for?

A: to prevent/treat osteoporosis

19

Q: WHAT is the CLASS for EVISTA?

A: Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM)

20

Q: WHAT therapy kills cancer cells and shrinks tumors?

A: radiation therapy

21

Q: WHAT is conjunctivitis known as?

A: pink eye

22

Q: WHAT medication is used to TREAT conjunctivitis?

A: Vigamox Opth

23

Q: LIST the common types of drugs used to treat vertigo.

A1: Antivert (meclizine)
A2: Compazine (prochlorperazine)

24

Q: WHAT is OTITIS MEDIA?

A: an inner ear infection; inflammation and fluid in the inner ear

25

Q: WHAT does NSAIDS stand for?

A: Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

26

Q: LIST 6 drug classes used for BONE CANCER PAIN.

A1: pain medications
A2: NSAIDS
A3: biphosphonates
A4: calcatonin
A5: opioids

BONUS
A6: muscle relaxers
A7: corticosteroids

27

Q: WHAT are the 4 types of bones found in the body?

A1: long bones
A2: short bones
A3: flat bones
A4: sesamoid bones

28

Q: WHAT are 4 common types of BONE CANCER?

A1: multiple myeloma
A2: osteosarcoma
A3: Ewing's sarcoma
A4: chondrosarcoma

29

Q: WHAT are the causes of FRACTURES?

A1: falls
A2: sports
A3: vehicle crashes

30

Q: WHAT is SCOLIOSIS?

A: abnormal curvature of the spine

31

Q: WHAT are the SIGNS of SCOLIOSIS?

A1: uneven shoulders
A2: uneven waist
A3: leaning to one side
A4: one hip is higher than the other side
A5: one shoulder blade is more prominent than the other

32

Q: LIST the RISK FACTORS of OSTEOPOROSIS

A1: family history
A2: being thin
A3: being female
A4: being white OR Asian
A5: eating disorders
A6: limited physical activity
A7: smoking
A8: drinking cola regularly
A9: drinking alcohol excessively

33

Q: Hearing, balance, equilibrium, and communication skills are important tasks for the human __________.

A: ear

34

Q: WHAT is the characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS?

A: characterized by low bone mass and structural detirioration of bone tissue.

35

Q: WHERE is OSTEOPOROSIS more common in?

A: more common in women due to smaller size and hormonal change during menopause.

36

Q: WHICH gender is most likely to be affected by COLORBLINDNESS?

A: males

37

Q: WHAT is a CATARACT?

A: a degenerative eye disease; clouding of the lens

38

Q: WHAT causes CONJUNCTIVITIS?

A1: viral or bacterial infections
A2: chemicals
A3: fumes
A4: smoke
A5: allergies

39

Q: WHAT is the IRIS?

A: the colored part of the eye used to filter light.

40

Q: DESCRIBE what GLAUCOMA is.

A: an eye condition; where pressure in the eye is higher than normal.

41

Q: WHAT is an ASTIGMATISM?

A: a curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye.

42

Q: WHAT is SCLERA?

A: the protective white portion of the eye.

43

Q: WHAT are CONES (part of the retina) responsible for??

A: color vision; it produces images in bright light.

44

Q: WHAT is IBANDRONATE used to treat and prevent?

A: boniva
USE: osteoporosis & osteopenia

45

Q: WHAT are examples of OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION?

A1: balanced diet rich in calcium/vitamin D
A2: weight-bearing & resistance training exercises
A3: healthy lifestyle
A4: no smoking or excessive alcohol
A5: talking to a healthcare professional about bone health
A6: bone density tests