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Flashcards in Pulmonary Illness Scripts Deck (20):
1

Pneumococcal pneumonia

Middle-aged any-race male smoker with acute onset of single strong rigor, high fever, productive cough, rusty sputum, tachypnea, pulmonary crackles, tubular breath sounds, lobar consolidation, leukocytosis and Gram-positive diplococci in sputum.

2

Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia

Any-age-race-sex hospital patient with acute onest of fever, cough, dyspnea, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypotension, pulmonary crackles, abscessing bronchopneumonia, leukocytosis and Gram-positive cocci in sputum.

3

Legionella pneumonia

Any-age-race-sex smoker with acute onset of fever, rigors, cough, dyspnea, diarrhea, confusion, pulmonary crackles, bronchopneumonia, leukocytosis, hyponatremia and non-diagnostic sputum.

4

Pseudomonas pneumonia

Any-age-race-sex intubated hospital patient with acute onset of fever, chills, confusion, purulent sputum, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypotension, pulmonary crackles, bilateral bronchopneumonia, neutropenia and Gram-negative rods in sputum.

5

Mycoplasma pneumonia

Young any-race-sex outpatient in winter with insidious onset of malaise, low-grade fever, persistent intractable dry cough, normal white blood cell count, cold agglutinins and bronchopneumonic, reticular or reticulonodular infiltrates that look worse than patient.

6

Tuberculosis

Elderly black male with insidious onset of fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, low-grade fever, chills, night sweats, mild cough, mucopurulent sputum, apical cavitary nodules and acid-fast bacilli in sputum.

7

Histoplasmosis

Elderly black male with insidious onset of fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, low-grade fever, chills, night sweats, mild cough, apical cavitary nodules and acid-fast bacilli in sputum.

8

Aspergillus pneumonia

Any-age-race-sex adult with neutropenia, acute onset of fever, pleuritic chest pain, hemoptysis, tachycardia, tachypnea, pulmonary crackles and nodular infiltrates.

9

Cryptococcal pneumonia

Adult black male or female with immunocompromise, insidious onset of fever, cough, dyspnea, headache, tachycardia, tachypnea, stiff neck and nodular infiltrates.

10

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Middle-aged any-race male with immunocompromise, insidious onset of dyspnea, dry cough, low-grade fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and bilateral reticular infiltrates.

11

Lung primary adenocarcinoma

Late middle-aged any-race female smoker with insidious onset of persistent cough, anorexia, weight loss and peripheral lung mass.

12

Lung primary squamous cell carcinoma

Late middle-aged black male smoker with insidious onset of persistent cough, dyspnea, anorexia, weight loss, hemoptysis and central endobronchial lung mass.

13

Small cell carcinoma

Late 60ish any-race male heavy smoker with insidious onset of weight loss, cough, dyspnea, weakness and central parabronchial lung mass with hilar lymphadenopathy.

14

Pulmonary metastases

Late middle-aged any-race-sex patient with insidious onset of anorexia, weight loss, malaise, fatigue and numerous small rounded lung nodules (more in lower lobes).

15

Pulmonary thromboembolism

Any-race-sex adult with recent surgery, central venous catheterization, malignancy, long-haul travel, obesity or smoking, sudden onset of dyspnea associated with chest pain, leg pain and swelling, tachypnea, hypoxemia and normal chest x-ray (not normal computed tomography).

16

Fat embolism

Any age-race-sex patient with long bone fracture 1-3 days ago or young black patient with sickle cell crisis, now with acute onset of dyspnea, confusion, tachypnea, and hypoxemia.

17

Air embolism

Any age-race-sex patient with trauma, surgery or vascular catheter insertion or removal, sudden onset of dyspnea, single gasp or cough, lightheadedness, tachypnea, tachycardia, hypotension, hypoxemia and mill wheel heart murmur.

18

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (severe end of acute lung injury spectrum)

Any-age-race-sex hospital patient with shock, sepsis, pneumonia, acute onset of rapidly worsening dyspnea, respiratory distress, tachypnea, diffuse pulmonary crackles and progressive pulmonary infiltrates.

19

Usual interstitial pneumonia

Late middle-aged any-race male smoker with the insidious onset of dyspnea and persistent dry cough, bibasilar dry “Velcro” pulmonary crackles and bilateral reticular lung opacities in periphery and at the bases.

20

Pneumothorax (spontaneous)

Tall thin young any-race male smoker with sudden onset of dyspnea associated with unilateral chest pain and decreased breath sounds on the same side, and collapsed lung on chest x-ray.