Quadratic Functions Theory (SL) Flashcards Preview

VIS (2019): IB SL > Quadratic Functions Theory (SL) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quadratic Functions Theory (SL) Deck (19):

What are the three ways to solve a quadratic equation?

  • Factorization
  • Completing the square
  • The quadratic formula


What are the steps to solving a quadratic equation by factorising?

  1. Get everything on one side, leaving just 0 on the other. (i.e. x2-2x+1=0).
  2. Factorise, so you get something like (x+a)(x+b)=0.
  3. Solve each parenthesis for x. (i.e. x+a=0 and x+b=0)






How can you recognize that an equation is quadratic?

Some variable is squared. 

It can always be written as:



What are the steps for factorising a quadratic equation?



  1. Factor out any common factors. (So anything that goes into all of the terms. i.e. 6x2-2x-8 = 2 (3x2-x-4))
  2. Make a list of all the factors that multiply to make ac.
  3. Check to see which two factors from step two add to the b term.
  4. Rewrite the equation, separating the middle term into the two factors you found.
  5. Take the common factors out of the first two terms and the last two, and regroup.

For example, 3x2-x-4:

  1. 6x2-2x+8=2(3x2-x-4). Now I need to factorise 3x2-x-4
  2. 3•-4=-12, so the factors are 1•-12, -1•12, 2•-6, -2•6, 3•-4, -3•4
  3. Do any of the pairs add to -1? Yep, 3+-4=-1.
  4. 3x2+3x-4x-4
  5. 3x(x+1) - 4(x+1) = (3x-4)(x+1). So the answer is 6x2-2x+8=2(3x-4)(x+1).


What does the graph of f(x)=x2 look like? What are the vertex and line of symmetry?

Vertex: (0,0)

Line of symmetry: x=0

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Where is the vertex and line of symmetry for


Vertex: (h, a•k)

Line of symmetry: x=h


How can you find the root if a quadratic equation has "two equal real roots"?

This means the discriminant is zero, so your solution is just 

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How do you find the x-intercept of ANY function?

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You plug in 0 for y and solve for x....because when you're on the x-axis, the y-coordinate MUST be equal to 0.

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How do you find the y-intercept of ANY function?

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You plug in 0 for x and solve for y....because when you're on the y-axis, the x-coordinate MUST be equal to 0.

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How do you know when there are two repeated real roots for ax2+bx+c?

You find when the discriminant is 0.


So solve b2-4ac=0.


How do you know when there are no real roots for ax2+bx+c?

You find when the discriminant less than 0.


So solve b2-4ac<0.


How do you know when there are two real roots for ax2+bx+c?

You find when the discriminant greater than 0.


So solve b2-4ac>0.


When you need to use the "complete the square" method?

Whenever you need the form of the equation to tell you the vertex.




What's the quadratic formula?

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How do you turn


into the "vertex" form


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What is a coefficient?



A coefficient is a number that is multiplying (it is attached to) a variable, like an x or any other letter.


3x2 + 2x - 4

3 is the coefficient of x2,

and 2 is the coefficient of x.



What is the leading coefficient?


The leading coefficient, is the number that is attached to the x with the highest power.

e.g. in the trinomial

4x2 + 3x + 9

the leading coefficinent is 4



What is a constant?


A constant is a number that is not attached to a variable (like an x, or any other number).

e.g. 3x2 + 4x + 7

7 is the constant.

3 and 4 are coefficients.

3 is the leading coefficient.



What is a quadratic?

The general quadratic looks like:

ax2 + bx + c

"Quad" means "square", which in math means to the power of 2. So a quadratic is an equation that contains an x2, and this is the highest power. There can't be, for example x3, nor x4, and so on. Only the square is the highest power. Quadratic expression contains three terms, which makes it a trinomial