When did wine quality regulations begin in Italy?
In the 1960’s but formalised and debated from 1992 till 2014
What did the quality regulations demand on wine labels across Italy, and what did it provide for consumers?
D.O. i.e: Dominazione di Origine (Designation of Origin) enabled consumers to look at a wine and be able to tell what the quality of that wine was
What is the acronym for top quality wine in Italy, and what are the 2 sub classification levels?
Vini DOP (Wines with Protected D.O.).
• DOCG; Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantia (the top quality)
• DOC; Denominazione di Origine Controllata (regional definition)
always associated with a region, regardless of size
What does the quality level IGP mean?
Indicazione Geografica Protetta (IGP) means that the wine is from a protected geographic region, but there is flexibility in terms of the grape varieties used. A response to the new world of popular wines varieties
What does Vini Varietali mean?
Non regional generic wines made up of mostly (min 85%) from one kind of international grape (e.g. Shiraz)
What is Vini (da Tavola) and who drinks it?
Basic table wine. Domestic use only, not even grape variety mentioned
What do Nebbiolo grapes have in common with Pinot Noir grapes?
Texture, tannins, flavour profiles. Only real difference is that it’s lighter
What are the subregions of Piemonte?
- DOCG Barbaresco
* DOCG Barolo
What is Nebbia?
A low cloud that hangs above the foothills in Piemonte that gives the name of the grape variety Nebbiolo
What does Reserva mean on Italian wine lables?
Aged in oak (min 1-2 years) before bottling
What does “Classico” mean on Chianti?
Classico refers to regionally controlled (correct) wine
What does the Black Rooster on a Chianti mean?
It is a endorsement of top quality wine