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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (35):
1

An explanation of some aspect of the natural world that has been substantiated via repeated experiments or testing is

a) An hypothesis
b) A theory
c) A law
d) An experiment

a) An hypothesis

2

The movement of soil over permafrost is known as

a) Gelifluction
b) Permaflux
c) Slippage
d) Gibbering

a) Gelifluction

3

A form of natural selection in which characteristics preferred by one sex (e.g. bright plumage, deeper vocalisation) are passed down to subsequent generations is

a) Peacocking
b) Reproductive senescence
c) Sexual reproduction
d) Sexual selection

d) Sexual selection

4

Of the 5-30 million species estimated to live on Earth, how many have been formally described?

a) 4.1 - 30 million
b)
c)
d) 1.7 million

d) 1.7-2 million

5

The international CITES convention aims to limit what?

a) Trade in Endangered Species
b) Overuse of Tourism and Ecotourism Sites
c) Terrorism in European Society
d) Invasive species

a) Trade in Endangered Species

6

N=NM/R is a formula used to estimate population size and is known as the

a) Pradel model
b) Lincoln-Peterson method
c) Popan method
d) Kaplan-Meier method

b) Lincoln-Peterson method

7

The rationale to conserve biodiversity based on its inherent worth, independent of its value to anyone is its

a) Utilitarian value
b) Extrinsic value
c) Intrinsic value
d) Ecosystem service value

c) Intrinsic value

8

The non-material benefits people gain from ecosystems through spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, reflection, recreation, and aesthetic experience are

a) Biodiversity services
b) Ecosystem services
c) Cultural services
d) Functional services

b) Ecosystem services

9

How many words were known and understood by Alex the African grey parrot?

100

10

The intentional movement and release of an organism inside its indigenous range from which it has disappeared is

Reintroduction

11

The latitudinal diversity gradient suggests species richness is likely to be highest where?

Equator

12

Changes in gene frequency in small, isolated populations due to random sampling of genes between populations is known as

Genetic drift

13

Which is the most effective method of controlling introduced red foxes in Australia?

Poison meat baits

14

Which of these species is generally considered a flagship species?

Giant panda

15

What is detection error in occupancy studies?

A recorded absence may in fact be a non-detection of available individuals, and not a true absence

16

The method of estimating population characteristics from a sample by choosing the values of the parameters that will maximize the probability of getting the particular sample actually obtained from the population is known as

Maximum likelihood estimation

17

Occupancy is

The proportion of an area occupied by a species or the faction of landscape units where the species is present.

18

The theory where animals find, capture and consume food containing the most energy in the least amount of time possible is

Optimal foraging

19

Which of these is a scansorial species?

Koala

20

An index of species in a community that takes account of both species richness and the relative abundance of species is

Species diversity

21

Similarities that appear independently in more than one type of organism is

Convergence

22

You cannot draw wider inferences from a study that lacks

Replication

23

The scientific term for the claw of an arthropod is a

Chela

24

What is the world's largest chameleon?

Parson's chameleon

25

The wild version of the llama is the

Guanaco

26

The treaty that countries commit to maintaining the ecological character of wetlands of international importance is named after which town, where the treaty was ratified?

Ramsar

27

Who categorised biodiversity into alpha, beta and gamma in 1972?

RH Whittaker

28

What birds are reputed to have a skeleton that weighs less than their skeleton?

Frigate birds

29

What type of competition is characterised by competition for a resource that is inadequate for the needs of all, but is partitioned equally among contestants, so no competitor obtains the amount it needs and in extreme cases all die?

Scramble competition

30

Auks were once so common they were used as bait by fisherman and ships were easily provisioned from nesting colonies. What caused the extinction of the great auk Pinguinus impennis?

Human overharvesting

31

What is the largest bird capable of hovering in still air?

Pied kingfisher

32

A species capable of exploiting a pioneer environment in which the ecological strategy is to colonise, reproduce at high level and emigrate rather than to invest heavily in parenting is

An r-strategy

33

A one-sidedly harmful relationship between dissimilar organisms is

Amensalism

34

An organisms function, role or position in an ecosystem is its

Niche

35

Toxic habitats that are deficient in nutrients are

Dystrophic