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Flashcards in Quiz 1 sociology Deck (19)
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1

What is sociology

The study of social life, social change and the social causes and consequences of human behaviour

2

What do sociologists study

They investigate the structure of groups organizations and societies and how people react

3

Roles we play

We all play certain rolls in society - social scientists refer to this as status

4

Hierarchy

Ranking system used in any specific environment based on authority or power
Each role has a certain expertise which is valued by society

5

Rules

These are developed by cultures based on their system of values

6

Norms

Considered standard behaviour

7

Values

Particular set of values are assigned to each role

8

Deviance

Any behaviour different from social norm

9

Rehabilitation

Trying to re-educate and re-socialize inmates so they can grow and accept the social norms and values

10

Structural functionism

Each society should provide its members with the fundamental requirements for functioning

11

Schools of thought in sociology

As societies change and become more diverse sociologists need to consider culture diversity when considering sociological issues

12

Neo-marxism

Karl believed economic power leads to political power

They believe the economic systems create a rich class of owners and a poor class of workers

13

Symbolic interactism

Believe humans have complex brains and little instinctive behaviour

Focus their research on humans minds rather than structures in society

Attach there own meanings to things

14

Feminism

Focus on sex and gender issues

Believe that men have made more decisions in society and that they tend to favour men

15

Liberal feminism

They tend to emphasize social policy to open up professional and well paid jobs for women and elimination of laws against things for women

16

Marxian feminism

Believes women's underpaid and undervalued domestic jobs made it possible for industrial owns to pay lower wages to make workers

17

Radical feminism

Believe that their natural child bearing role has lead to systematic oppression by men

Believe are so dominate in institutions that they can't break into any of those fields

18

Socialist Feminism

Try to separate issues of prolonged cruel that results in patriarchy which results in capitalism

19

Inclusionism

Recognize that conflict can take place in a society between ethnic,racial, and religious groups as well as economic classes