Quiz 2 - Resp Disorders Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 2 - Resp Disorders Part 1 Deck (25):
1

what is the second most common nosocomial

HAP (hospital acquired PNA)

2

what position is at risk for aspiration PNA

supine

3

sign of PNA unique to elderly

confusion

4

dx for PNA

CXR (pus in alveoli)

5

nursing responsibility with PNA

give antiRX within 4 hours of admission

6

with influenza it is important for the nurse to do what upon admission?

ask about vaccination history

7

latent TB will have ___ PPD test but the pt will be ____

positive PPD test but the pt will be asymptomatic (and not contagious)

8

TB is ____, not spread by fomites

airborne

9

in the early stages of active TB there are no

symptoms

10

sx of active TB

fever, perfuse night sweats, weight loss, anorexia, fatigue

11

dx of TB (hint not screening)

3 sputum samples positive for acid fast bacilli (cultures confirm dx but may take up to 8 weeks)

12

antiTB drugs can cause

hepatotoxicity

13

nursing responsibility to watch for a hx of _____ and ____ with antiTB drugs

liver dz and alcoholism

14

sign of a tension pneumo

deviated trachea

15

3 classic signs and sx of pulmonary embolism

CP, dyspnea, hemoptysis

16

pulmonary fungal infections are treated with drugs that end in

azole

17

___ pressure draws air into lungs

negative

18

on inspiration muscles _____ and thoracic cavity ____

contract and thoracic cavity expands

19

_____ is the measure of ease of expansion of lungs

compliance

20

NORMAL ABG values
pH
CO2
O2
HCO3
SaO2

pH = 7.35-7.45
CO2 = 35-45
O2 = 80-100
HCO3 = 22-26
SaO2 = 95% and greater

21

yellow/tan/green sputum = sign of ___/___

bronchitis/PNA

22

Brown sputum = a sign of _____/_______

aspiration/bacterial PNA

23

Bloody sputum = a sign of ____, ____, ____, ____

PNA, TB, lung CA, trauma

24

pink and frothy sputum is a sign of ____/____

CHF, pulmonary edema

25

for a CT you need a ____ and ____

IV and creat level