quiz 7 antiemetics 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in quiz 7 antiemetics 2 Deck (14):
1

these block nerve transmission through the vagus nerve when there is GI irritation and prevent stimulation of CRTZ

Serotonin receptor agonists
- ondansetron (Zofran)
- dolasetron (Anzemet)

2

these block dopamine receptors in the CNS

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

3

these are seldom used in animals and are used more in humans

Serotonin receptor agonists
- ondansetron (Zofran)
- dolasetron (Anzemet)

4

these work on
- CRTZ
- GI tract receptors
- vomiting center

Serotonin receptor agonists
- ondansetron (Zofran)
- dolasetron (Anzemet)

5

these prevent vomiting caused by CRTZ

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

6

Metoclopramide (Reglan) also acts locally in the GI tract by

- increasing lower esophageal muscle tone (makes it tighter)
- relaxes pylorus
- increases GI motility

7

these prevent vomiting centrally, locally

Maropitant (Cerenia)

8

these are the newest and are now widely used

Maropitant (Cerenia)

9

why is Maropitant (Cerenia) so popular?

it works on many receptors

10

these may cause sedation in dogs, excitement in cats

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

11

these block
- neurokinin-1 receptors in the GI tract
- CRTZ
- vestibular nerve
- vomiting center

Maropitant (Cerenia)

12

these are labeled for used in dogs to prevent vomiting and motion sickness

Maropitant (Cerenia)

13

what other 2 tings is Maropitant (Cerenia) believed to help?

- it can be used as a cough suppressant
- it is believed to have analgesic properties (visceral abdominal)

14

these sting when given SQ, so give it IV slowly

Maropitant (Cerenia)