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Flashcards in quiz two Deck (67):
1

Monergism

God alone works for our salvation, without our help.

2

Atonement

Christ has reconciled the whole broken world to God.

3

Contrition

Feeling sorry for sin.

4

Justification

God declares sinners to be innocent and right with him.

5

law

The commands of God that accuse us of sin

6

gospel

The good news that God forgives sinners for Christ’s sake.

7

faith

Trust in the promise of God for forgiveness

8

grace

The undeserved kindness of God

9

Exaltation

The first stage is the descent into hell.

10

Humiliation

The Son of God gave up the use of his divine powers, taking the form of a servant.

11

office of King

Christ conquers evil by his death and resurrection.

12

2 natures of Christ

Christ is both true God and true man.

13

Incarnation

The Word became flesh, becoming a man.

14

Repentance

All Christians do this daily in turning away from sin and selfish ways and turning to God in faith.

15

office of the priest

Christ sacrificed himself on the cross to bring reconciliation between God and man.

16

office of prophet

Christ preached God’s word of the kingdom with signs.

17

Humiliation

One stage of this is Christ’s crucifixion.

18

Election in view of faith

God foresees who will believe in his message and chooses those who will have faith in Christ.

19

Election by Grace

God chooses his people to be saved, giving them the gift of faith.

20

Universalism

All are elected to salvation in Jesus Christ even though some reject it

21

Double Predestination

God chooses some to be damned and the rest to be saved before all worlds.

22

What does non-biblical testimony say about Jesus?

-Says that he did live
-says that he was human
-he died on a cross

23

Identity of Jesus in story and titles

-Mark 3:1-6 a miracle worker
-Mark 9:2-7 that he was God and during the transgigeration
-Mark 12:13-17 normal man paying taxes to ceaser

24

personal union and the four negations of chalcedon

A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct. Two natures in one person 100% God and 100% man

The four negations of chalcedon is no mixing, confusing, separating or dividing

25

sharing of attributes

1. Genus of Properties (genus idiomaticum)
2. Genus of action or work (genus apotelesmaticum)
3. Genus of Majesty (genus majestaticum)

26

articulate and explain the doctrine of two natures and the relationship between them

2 natures of that the blood of God at the cross and that Christ is true God and is True Man is 100% of each . That they are not separated but they are together.

27

Arianism

was created by the father. That they were not from God

28

adoptionism

That God just adopted a man

29

docetism

Christ's body was not human but either a phantasm or of real but celestial substance

30

nestorianism

there were two separate persons, one human and one divine

31

monophysitism

Jesus Christ there was only one, divine nature rather than two natures, divine and human

32

nestorius

emphasizes a distinction between the human and divine natures of the divine person. That they are separated but never work together.

33

euthychus

That people connect to Jesus in a special way

34

be able to identity challenging statements that speak of Jesus's true divinity and humanity based on the sharing of attributes.

 Hebrews 4:15—“Tempted as we are,
yet without sin.”
 Born of a virgin
 The Word assumed human
nature, not a human person
(Anhypostasis)

35

Why does it matter that Jesus is true God and true man>

It matters based on the reasoning that to follow the OT was showing that Christ had to be man. That he took the sin on him is saying he is true man and saying that he is true god so that he can forgive sins and heal people

36

Two States of the humiliation and exaltation

Humiliation is when Jesus is not using his divine power in the daily life

Exalation- is where Jesus is in 100% of his power.

37

why is humiliation important in reading certain difficult passages in scriptures?

It is imporant to notice that Jesus in not in his power that he is placing it away to be on the level of us his people.

Phil 2-Imitating Christ’s Humility so that you begin to see the level that Christ is at and that there is no way that we can come to that level.

38

The uniqueness of Jesus as a human

That it was showing that Jesus is 100% human and 100% man and it was uniqueness due to the fact that he had to be man so that he could say his people.

39

the resurrection and the significance of the resurrection for us and for jesus

The resurrection was imporant based on the topic that we need it to be saved. That to also prove that Jesus was God to see that he Rose again and defended the devil.

40

3 traditional offices of Chirst

prophet- God's voice on Earth
Priest- Speak from the people to God and scarafise
King- used to come win the victory over death

41

the three kingdoms of Christ

Grace, power and Glory

42

passages in terms of the offices of Chirst

Office = Role or function performed according to God’s will and rooted
in Old Testament
What does God call each to do in the text?
 Prophet
 Jeremiah 1:6-10
 Priest
 Leviticus 4:1-6
 King
 Psalm 72:1-4, 8-14

43

passive and active obedience of Christ

Passive Obedience:
Christ suffered at the hands of sinners,
carrying our sin on the cross, trusting
in God’s promises the entire time.

Active Obedience:
Jesus lived a perfect life of
obedience in our place rooted
in his trust and love of God.

44

Christ as vicar and victim

Hebrews 10:11-14-being the vicar and doing the scarfise
 Romans 3:25—”propitiation”
 Isaiah 52:13-53:12 (Suffering Servant)

45

second adam

Romans 5:12-21 that all people now are fogiven like in the beginning with Adam and there was no sin.

46

Understand and articulate the problems with the various theories of atonement, while also showing how two of them can be helpful.

Vicarious Satisfaction (Anselm): [Commonly penal substitution
today] God’s honor has been violated by human sin, God is wrathful
concerning this sin, and there is an obligation from the human side
to fix the problem.
 Christ the Victor (early church): Christ defeats and conquers death
and evil through his resurrection. Those enemies that hold humanity
down have been conquered and triumphed over.
 Moral Example (Abelard): Jesus showed his great love for us in order
that we would learn from him and love like he did and thus become
right with God.

47

forensic

a divine verdict of acquittal pronounced on the believing sinner. God declares the sinner to be "not guilty" because Christ has taken his place, living a perfect life according to God's law and suffering for his sins

48

saving faith

Only by faith that we are saved.

49

Christian life as saints and sinners at the same time

We are a saint due to the fact that we are sinless due to what Jesus did for us but we are sinners due to that we are human

50

Understand the courtroom setting of justification and be able to articulate it using at least one specific Scripture to back it up.

That in a court room we should be guilty but Jesus took the punshiment and found us not guilty and took the sin.

Bible verse- Blessed are those who lawless deeds have been forgiven, and whose sins have been covered. Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will not take into account. (Rom. 4:7-8

51

Understand the relationship of monergism to justification.

That the relationship of monergism to Justifcation is that it is nothing that we can do but it is God doing all the work without our help. That by justification we are saved.

52

Understand the relationship of passive/active (alien/proper) righteousness with justification.

Active Obedience:
Jesus lived a perfect life of
obedience in our place rooted
in his trust and love of God.

Passive Obedience:
Christ suffered at the hands of sinners,
carrying our sin on the cross, trusting
in God’s promises the entire time.

53

Articulate and explain justification as by grace alone, through faith alone, on account of Christ alone.

by grace alone that we are not saved by anything that we do but it is the faith that we have. That on Christ alone we are saved by nothing that we do.

54

Election by Grace

God chooses his people to be saved, giving them the gift of faith.

55

a. Eph. 1:3-14

That we are saved. That God wants us all to be saved. That we fall away from the salvation that we would want

56

Different views of election

in the view of faith
by grace

57

The Gospel and election

That in the gospel we are being saved and that the gospel is the promise of that

58

Know the comfort that election brings.

The comfort that the election brings is saying that we are being saved. That sometimes it makes people worried about and more at peace.

59

synergism

Synergism: We must reach out to get the gift of God’s grace; we must choose to
believe. The rest is by grace. (Lutherans think this too is a heresy.)

60

semi-pelagianism

The believer begins the walk of faith with God’s grace helping us
to grow in faith (official heresy)

61

pelagianism

The Christian takes the most fundamental steps of faith toward
salvation on one’s own (official heresy)

62

Happy exchange

He calls it the joyous exchange. It is the same thing

63

Faith is re-creative

God actually re-creates us in and through faith. This is part of the nature of faith
Faith is nothing: has to do with the object. Faith is not in itself saving because it is a great work. Faith is saving because it grasps hold of the promise of Christ, and Christ is everything. Yet, without faith, we cannot be saved.

64

Biblical Truths behind election

1) God wants all to be saved. 2) Total depravity. 3) God’s salvation is always particular. 4) Jesus has died for all.

65

Predestination in view of faith is in Kolb under synergism

It views faith as prior to election so that God chooses because we believe.

66

Lutheran view of election is in Kolb too

God chooses his own before all worlds and this election is the foundation of faith itself. This view has to be distinguished from double predestination, universalism, and election in view of faith (synergism).

67

Crux Theologorum is the “Cross of the theologians

Why are some saved and not others? We cannot answer this question. God answers it with the Gospel, and yet damnation is always our own fault.