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Flashcards in Quizlet Deck (25):
1

A nurse manager wants to determine how well a new policy is working in the clinical area. It would be appropriate to use:
A) Survey methods
B) Grounded theory
C) Evaluation research
D) Experimental research

C. Evaluation research is aimed at finding out how well a program, practice, policy, or procedure is working. A survey studies a large group to identify general information, opinions, attitudes, or perceptions. A grounded theory is a theory developed through the collection and analysis of qualitative data. Experimental research collects information about human subjects who are divided into a control group and a comparison group.

2

______ is aimed at finding out how well a program, practice, policy, or procedure is working.

Evaluation research

3

______ is a theory developed through the collection and analysis of qualitative data.

Grounded theory

4

____ collects information about human subjects who are divided into a control group and a comparison group.

Experimental research

5

studies a large group to identify general information, opinions, attitudes, or perceptions.

A survey

6

is the foundation of research and the most reliable and objective of all methods of gaining knowledge.

The scientific method

7

_____ Involves inductive reasoning to develop generalizations or theories from specific observations or interviews.

A qualitative study

8

Nursing's paradigm includes four linkages:

the person, health, environment/situation, and nursing.

9

A theory is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions that:

Explains a phenomenon

10

Promotes national associations of nurses, improving standards of nursing practice, seeking a higher status for nurses, and providing an international power base for nurses.

International Council of Nurses (ICN)

11

Beginning nursing student, or any nurse entering a situation in which there is no previous level of experience.

Novice

12

A nurse who has had some level of experience with the situation, and able to identify meaningful aspects or principles of nursing care.

Advanced Beginner

13

A nurse who has been in the same clinical position for 2 to 3 years, and understands the organization and the specific care required by the type of clients.

Competent Nurse

14

A nurse with greater than 2 to 3 years of experience in the same clinical position and perceives a client's clinical situation as a whole, and is able to assess an entire situation, and readily transer knowledge from previous situations.

Proficient Nurse

15

A nurse with diverse experience who has an intuitive grasp of an existing or potential clinical problem.

Expert Nurse

16

Part of the Resident Assessment Intrusment, is also a rich resource for nurses in determing the best type of interventions to support health care needs of clients ages 65 and over.

Minimum Data Set (MDS)

17

Federally funded, state-operated program that provides health insurance to low-income families, and those with disabilities.

Medicaid

18

Federally administrated program, financially funded national health insurance for people 65 years and older.

Medicare

19

Combines the best of computer science and information science with nursing science, and supports nursing practice and the delivery of nursing care by providing nurses with a way to manage and process nursing data, information, and knowledge.

Nursing Informatics

20

First level of theory development, describes phenomena, speculate on why phenomena occure, and descrive consequences of phenomena.

Descriptive Theory

21

Serves to inform a system how how it functions.

Feedback

22

Broad in scope, complex, and therefore require further specification through research, provides structural framework for broad, abstract ideas about nursing.

Grand Theory

23

Data or information that comes from a client's assessment.

Input

24

Explains a systematic view of a phenomenon specific to the discipline of inquiry.

Interdisciplinary Theory

25

End product of a system, in the case of nursing, it is whether the client's health status improves or remains stable as a result of nursing care.

Output