Carbon atom bonded to halogen
Carbon atom bonded to oxygen of hydroxyl group
bonded to the oxygen of a phosphate group
carbon atom bonded to nitrogen
carbon atom bonded to the sulfur
2 carbon atoms bonded to the same sulfur
bonded to two sulfurs that are joined together
alkanes are often describe as saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbons
Alkanes are ocasionally called aliphatic compounds. True or False
true, greek is aleiphas meaning fat
The same numbers and kinds of atoms but differ in the way atoms are arranged
Atoms connected differently is called?
A complex mixture of hydrocarbons that must first be separated into various fractions and further refined before it can be used
Alkanes are sometimes referred to as paraffins. True or false?
true, from latin parum affinis means slight affinity
Different arrangements of atoms that result from bond rotations are called?
Molecules that ave different arrangement are called?
conformational isomers or conformers
A type of different conformations: From an oblique angle, spatial relationship
A type of different conformations: bond directly end-on and represents the two carbon atoms by a circle.
Most stable conformation, far away from one another
Lowest energy (staggered when view)
least stable conformation, close as possible
highest energy (eclipse in newman projection)
Saturated cyclic hydrocarbons are called?
cycloalkanes, alicyclic, aliphatic cyclic
Are perpendicular to the ring, parallel to the ring axis?
Are in the rough plane in the ring, around the ring equator?
Different chair conformations readily interconvert by a process called?
An atom or group of atoms within a larger molecule that has a characteristic chemical reactivity?
Are class of saturated hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2