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Flashcards in Random Exam 3 Deck (33)
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0

Which fold extends from the apex of the bladder to the umbilicus, and contains the urachus"

Median umbilical fold

1

Which fold extends from the side of the bladder to the umbilicus. It contains the obliterated umbilical artery?

Medial umbilical fold

2

Which fold extends from the deep inguinal ring to the Arcuate line, and contains the inferior epigastric vessels?

Lateral umbilical fold

3

What makes up the anterior layer of Rectus sheath above Arcuate line?

Aponeuroses of the external and internal oblique muscles

4

What composes the posterior layer of the Rectus sheath above the Arcuate line?

Aponeuroses of the internal and transversus abdominis muscles

5

What composes the anterior layer Rectus sheath below the Arcuate line?

Apneuroses of the external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis muscle

6

What composes the posterior layer of Rectus sheath below the Arcuate line?

Transversalis fascia

7

Where is the supravesical fossa?

Between median and medial umbilical folds

8

Where is the medial inguinal fossa?

Between medial and lateral umbilical folds

9

Where is lateral inguinal fossa?

It's lateral to the lateral umbilical fossa

10

What lies above the umbilicus and contains the obliterated umbilical vein, it also forms the free edge of the falciform ligament?

Ligamentum teres

11

What is the most medial fibers of the inguinal ligament which inserts into the superior pubic ramus?

Lacunar ligament

12

What is the lateral extension of the lacunae ligament along the pecten pubis?

Pectineal ligament

13

What does the inguinal canal transmit in males, in females and in both?

Spermatic cord (male)
Round ligament of the uterus (female)
Ilioinguinal nerve (both)

14

What prevents a direct inguinal hernia and is formed by the fusion of the aponeuroses of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscle?

Conjoint tendon

15

What regions contain the liver?

Mostly in the right hypochondrium and epigastric regions

16

What organs can be found in the left hypochondrium?

Spleen as well as the fundus and body of the stomach

17

Where is the potential space where fluid will accumulate in extravasation of urine?

Between scarpa's fascia and the deep (investing) fascia

18

Where does the lateral crus insert?

Pubic tubercle
(Some fibers reflect to superior pubic ramus as the lacunar ligament)

19

Where does the medial crus insert?

Inserts into the pubic crest

20

What is the purpose of the intercrural fibers?

Strengthen the apex of the superficial ring

21

Where is the deep inguinal ring located?

Above the inguinal ligament midway between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic symphysis. Just lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels

22

Which type of inguinal hernia is more common?

Indirect is more common at 75%

23

Which type of inguinal hernia passes medial to the inferior epigastric vessels?

Direct inguinal hernia

24

What does the scrotum contain?

1) the testes
2) the epididymis
3) the lower part of the spermatic cord

25

What part of the anterior abdominal wall form the dartos muscle?

Subcutaneous tissue
Superficial and deep fascia

26

What part of the scrotum doe a the external oblique muscle continue as?

External spermatic fascia

27

What part of the abdominal anterior wall makes up the cremaster if fascia and cremaster muscle?

Internal oblique muscle

28

What scrotal continuation is the transversalis fascia?

Internal spermatic fascia

29

What anterior abdominal wall component continues as the tunica vaginalis?

Peritoneum