The minimum energy required to start a reaction by the breaking of bonds.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being used up in the process; a catalyst provide an alternative route for the reaction with lower activation energy.
Economical benefits of using catalysts
Saves energy costs as reactions can now occur in:
- lower temperatures
- low pressures
Pollution control benefits of using catalysts
- Reduces CO2 emission/ greenhouse emissions
- Reduces the amount of fuel burnt
Sustainability benefits for using catalysts
- Less waste produced due to higher atom economy
- reaction can take place with less toxic solvents