Reading Comprehension Strategies Flashcards Preview

GRE Verbal > Reading Comprehension Strategies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reading Comprehension Strategies Deck (22):
1

Scope shift argument

The author moves from discussion one thing in the evidence to a different thing in the conclusion

2

Breaking apart a scope shift argument

Look for different terms that the author assumes must be related

3

A conclusion (in an argument)

an opinion, a bold claim, a recommendation, a prediction, or a rebuttal of someone else's viewpoint

4

Evidence (in an argument)

examples that support a conclusion

5

Assumptions (in an argument)

things the author believes based on the evidence to arrive at the conclusion

6

Representativeness argument

The author draws a conclusion about a different population than the evidence

7

Weakening/strengthening a representativeness argument

Weaken--look for ways the evidence group differs from the conclusion group
Strength--look for important ways the two groups are similar

8

Causal argument

Correlation is confused with causation
Conclusion: "therefore one thing is making another thing happen"

9

Weakening/strengthening a causal argument

Look for examples that support that it was or was not actually a cause

10

Incorrect answer choices (5)

1. outside the scope
2. extreme
3. distortion
4. 180
5. half-right/half-wrong

11

Outside the scope

irrelevant comparison to something not mentioned in the passage

12

Extreme

extreme language (always, never, rarely, etc.)

13

Distortion

specific language from the passage, but twist the context or meaning

14

180

contradict (subtly or explicitly) the statements made in the passage

15

Half-right/half-wrong

first half is correct, second half is not

16

Question types (6)

1. Global
2. Detail
3. Inference
4. Logic
5. Vocab-in-context
6. Reasoning

17

Global questions

Take the passage as a whole (main idea, primary purpose, overall structure)

18

Detail questions

Research the text to ID a specific detail (according to the author, as mentioned in the passage)

19

Inference questions

not explicitly stated, but must be true based on information provided in the passage
(suggests, implies, most likely agrees)

20

Logic questions

Describe why the author included a certain word, phrase, or statement (in order to, primarily serves to)

21

Vocab-in-context questions

Go back to the passage to ID how a word is used in context

22

Reasoning

Analyze reasoning in an argument:
-ID assumptions, point out flaws, strengthen or weaken the reasoning