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Flashcards in Readings Deck (38)
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1

According to Baumeister, how do Americans tend to rate themselves?

Overrate and overvalue themselves

2

What is the relationship between self-esteem and school performance?

Self-esteem increases with doing better in school work, and falls when school performance falls. Self-esteem changes does not change school performance.

3

Are people with high or low self esteem more liked?

They are equally liked.

4

People who score higher on what are more aggresive?

Narcissists.

5

Who is more likely to use drugs? High or low self esteemers?

High self-esteem is more likely since they downplay the risks associated with drugs,sex, and alcohol.

6

What is the Buffer Hypothesis theory? Is it valid?

High self-esteem acts as a buffer against stress. This is unrealistic.

7

What are the 3 benefits of self-esteem?

1. Happiness
2. Feels good and promotes long-term happiness
3. More likely to be initiative

8

What is the darkside of the initivate

Young people with high self-esteem experiment earlier with sex, booze, and drugs reflecting thier initiative.

9

Self control in 4 year olds predicts?

School achievement, social skills, and popularity.

10

What are some benefits of higher self control

Better mental health and make better friends and lovers.

11

What are the 2 stages of strengthening from a redemptive event

Personal growth stage, and second stage is happiness.

12

When does narrative identity emerge?

Late - adolescence.

13

What are Free traits?

Culturally scripted patterns of conduct that are strategically crafted to advance projects that a person cares deeply about.

14

What are personal projects?

Extended periods of personally relevant actions.

15

What are core projects?

Personal projects that are deeply infused with a sense of self-identity.

16

What are the three sources of traits?

Biogenic, Sociogenic, Idiogenic

17

When do free traits emerge?

When individuals enact sociogenic scripts to advance idogenic aims, irrespective of the person's biogenic disposition.

18

What happens when one's core project pursuits are not longer sustainable?

The quality of life becomes compromised.

19

Free trait theory postulates that what sources of traits will conflict with which?

Some features of our live involve the conflict of the biogenic with the sociogenic and ideogenic.

20

What are idiogenic sources?

The valued concerns that people pursue in their lives and comprise their personal constructions, commitments and core projects.

21

What are sociogenic traits?

Norms, rules, and scripts that may go undetected.

22

Ahadi and Rothbart suggest that being able to do what is the key to agreeableness being related to better interpersonal relationships?

Self-regulation to control undesirable emotions.

23

What brain region do agreeable people show automatic activation in associated with self-control of emotions?

Right lateral prefrontal cortex.

24

Individuals with a poly morphism in s alleles of serotonin transporter score lower on what trait?

Agreeableness.

25

Low levels of norepinephrine over an extended period of time are associated with what?

More aggresive behavior and low agreeableness.

26

What is the most desireable quality in a relationship?

Kindness

27

What is the relation between neurotic individuals and reporting greater somatic stress given agreeableness levels.

They reported more stress when they were lower on agreeableness. Agreeableness acts as a buffer against somatic distress when people are higher on neuroticism.

28

In what situations do agreeable people show more negative affect?

When the situations represents a mismatch of their interpersonal orientation.

29

What are the three types of agreeable profiles?

Resilient, overcontrolled (neurotic and introverted), uncontrolled (low on conscientiousness and agreeableness).

30

What are approximations

Rewarding small steps toward a desired behavior