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Flashcards in Referrals/Collaborations Deck (22):
1

BG Levels Diagnostic of Diabetes

FBG ≥ 126 mg/dL on 2 separate occasions
Random BG ≥ 200
OGTT ≥ 200

2

Total Cholesterol

3

Triglycerides

4

HDL

Men > 40
Women > 50

5

LDL

General Population

6

Mitral Stenosis

Loud S1 murmur, low pitched, mid-diastolic; apical "crescendo rumble

7

Mitral Regurgitation

S3 with systolic murmur at 5th ICS MCL; may radiate to base or left axilla; musical, blowing or high-pitched

8

Aortic Stenosis

Systolic, "blowing" murmur at 2 left ICS

9

MS ARD

Mitral
Stenosis
Aortic
Regurgitation
Diastolic

10

MR ASS

Mitral
Regurgitation
Aortic
Stenosis
Systolic

11

S1

Mitral/tricuspid valves closure

12

S2

Aortic/pulmonic (semilunar) valves closure

13

Systole

Period between S1 and S2

14

S3

"Ken-tuck'-y"; increased fluid states (e.g. CHF, pregnancy)

15

S4

Ten-ne-ssee'"; stiff ventricular wall (e.g. MI, left ventricular hypertrophy, chronic hypertension, etc.)

16

AIDS Diagnosis

CD4 count

17

Early symptoms of HIV

Flu-like
Fever
Night sweats
Weight loss

18

ELISA

Sensitivity > 99.9%
Is used for initial screening

19

Western Blot

Confirmatory, it is specific

20

CD4 Levels

Normal = 800-1100
Low = 500
AIDS = 200

21

Viral Loads by PCR

Low = 10,000 copies
High = 50,000 copies

22

Impaired Glucose Tolerance

FBG = 100-125