What is meant by unitive?
Something that joins or unites people together
What is meant by procreative
Open to creating new life; life-giving
What are we told about sex in the bible
We are told god created men and women as complementary to each other. He instructed them to go forth and multiply. Roman catholics believe that sex is so precious that it should be saved for marriage.
Purpose of sexual love as marital
Two people commit themselves fully and exclusively to each other. The couple totally give themselves to each other. Sex is such a holy union that it should not happen until after marriage.
Purpose of sexual love as unitive
Sex brings the couple closest to each other and find fulfilment in each other too. Sex strengthens the couples commitment but adultery could destroy this unity that is expressed by sex. Sex brings a new phase of life as a couple.
Purpose of sexual love as procreative
God acts through sex to create new life so the couple should allow sex to be open to new life. Couples should accept children from God.
What are the key features of John Paul theology II theology of the body
- Adultery is a sin and disrespectful to your partner.
- Sex is essential in marriage. It unites the couple.
- Marriage is an exclusive bond between a man and a woman.
- Sex should be pleasurable but also about the potential for new life.
- Sex is a gift from God but also from your partner.
- Male and female have been created equally and deserve equal respect.
- Trust in marriage is essential.
- All human life deserves respect and protection.
Contrasting views of sex before marriage
Many people wait to find someone they love before having sex but others think casual sex is ok as long as there is not emotional har,
Contrasting views of adultery
Some people think adultery may be forgiven under certain circumstances such as an unhappy marriage.
Contrasting views of homosexuality
Homosexuals should have the same rights as anyone else including marriage and sexual relationships.
Conditions for marriage
- The two people have to be free to marry and not married to someone else.
- Must get married out of free will.
- Must not be closely related to each other.
- The consent has to be strong.
- The couple must accept that they will accept children lovingly.
What is the nature of marriage.
An exclusive union of two people.
A sacrament and a sign of Gods love and blessing on and through the couple.
A sign of love of christ for the church.
Reasons for an annulment
- One of them never intended to have a child.
- One of the couple did not understand the vows.
- One or both of the couple were forced to marry.
- The marriage was not consummated
- They never intended to remain faithful.
Why does the catholic church not accept divorce.
The couple made an agreement before god and this marriage can only be broken through death.
No human has the ability to break the bind of a man and a woman.
Jesus has told us that if we remarry we are committing adultery.
Issues of cohabitation
- it break the sanctity of marriage and the sexual union.
- removing any sense of commitment from the sexual union.
- no expressed commitment so destroys the sense of faithfulness.
- the relationship can easily end.
- can destroy the sense of family.
Same sex relationships
People who are gay deserve respect and are loved by God the same as those who are heterosexual.
As sex by homosexuals is not procreative this type of sex is not seen as right.
Different prospectives of cohabitation
The couple may live together and not get married because of financial issues or because they want to see if their relationship will work. They may not get married but stay committed the whole of their lives.
Ethical argument of divorce
Some people agree that marriage promises that the couple will stick together regardless of what happens. Some however think that we do not know what will happen and if they are in a situation where they are causing great emotional pain, divorce may be the best solution.
What are catholic approaches to family planning?
Recent popes have stressed the need for responsible parenthood and to be aware of their family situation and if they can have children or not due to financial or social factors.
What support do families provide?
Teaching children the rights and wrongs Provide comfort protection and support Provide hospitality Provide education A good example of christian living.
Nature and purpose of the family in procreation
The catholic church believe that family is the best environment to bring up children
Nature and purpose of the family in security
Development comes through experiencing life and responding to challenges in a loving family enviroment so they will not be harmed doing so.
The parents role is to always be supportive.
Nature and purpose of the family in education
Children should be able to grow and learn, supported by the actions, teachings and examples of their parents. Parents should teach their children right and wrongs and how to live according to christian principles and offer an environment where peace and forgiveness are experienced on a regular basis.
What are the Roles of the family?
Traditionally, the role of a woman in the family was in the home as a wife and mother. Nowadays not all families can afford this so the church encourages a unit that supports each other, no matter who owns the most money.
Contrasting views on contraception
Reduces the risk of STDs
To prevent unwanted pregnancies
However, the morning after pill may be seen as abortion as it is stopping the egg from developing killing it.
Contrast on same-sex parents
Many would think the love between the parents and children is what matters most.
Some would say that they need a mother and a father to help them learn better.
Also people think that they may be harmed with prejudice and intolerance as they grow up.
Contrast on single parents
Single parents may happen due to a death or separation of the parents.
This could lead to financial problems where many charities could help to give support to the family that they may be lacking due to only having ine parent.
What does the bible say about equality of men and women?
‘God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them all; male and female he created them’ Genesis
‘Therefore a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, and they become one flesh’ genesis
‘Woman is not independent of man or man independent of woman. Just as woman came from man, so man comes from woman; but all things come from God.’ 1 corinthians
Woman have an important role in the bible and christianity and god made man and woman equally.
Catholic teaching on equality
The church believes that women and men cannot be the same yet be mutually supportive. They are physical, psychological, responses and actions that are different.
Men are not higher than woman and woman are hot higher than men. They are different yet have complementary roles to perform. They are both irreplaceable.
The church does not allow woman priests and believes the woman should look after the home and children.
Evidence of sexism in the church
Woman not allowed to be priests.
St Paul tells us that woman have no authority over men.
Jesus’ disciples are all men.
St. Paul urges women to be submissive to their husbands.
In Exodus it lists wives as property.
Evidence of equality in the church.
‘Woman or man no more- we are all one’ - st. Paul
Women can become nuns.
Jesus chose to appear to a female witness first after his resurrection.
St Paul urges that husbands treat their wives like a precious jewel.
Jesus’ friendship with Mary Madeline and after Jesus, mary his mother is the most important human to catholics.