Relationships - Lower Extremities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Relationships - Lower Extremities Deck (57):
1

The femoral nerve passes _______ to the hip joint and _______ to the inguinal ligament.

anterior; posterior (deep)

2

The external iliac (femoral) artery passes _______ to the inguinal ligament.

posterior (deep)

3

At the level of the inguinal ligament, the femoral artery is positioned _______ to the femoral vein and _______ to the femoral nerve

lateral; medial

4

The femoral artery passes _______ to the sartorius muscle.

posterior (deep)

5

Within the femoral triangle, the iliopsoas muscle is positioned _______ to the femoral nerve, artery and vein.

directly posterior (deep)

6

At the level of the femoral triangle, the pectineus muscle is positioned _______ to the femoral nerve, artery and vein.

directly posterior (deep)

7

The lateral circumflex femoral artery passes _______ and _______ to the femur.

anterior; lateral

8

The medial circumflex femoral artery passes _______ to the pectineus muscle.

directly lateral

9

The medial circumflex femoral artery passes _______ to the iliopsoas muscle.

directly medial

10

The obturator nerve passes _______ to the superior pubic ramus.

directly inferior

11

The adductor brevis muscle is positioned _______ and _______ to the adductor longus and _______ to the adductor magnus muscle.

posterior; superior; anterior

12

The profunda femoris artery is positioned _______ to the adductor magnus muscle.

anterior

13

The medial perforating branches of the profunda femoris artery pass _______ and _______ to the femur (shaft).

medial; posterior

14

The gluteus maximus muscle is positioned _______ to the gluteus medius muscle.

superficial

15

The gluteus medius muscle is positioned _______ to the piriformis muscle.

superior

16

The inferior gluteal artery and nerve pass _______ to the piriformis muscle.

directly inferior

17

The sciatic nerve is positioned _______ to the gluteus maximus muscle and passes _______ to the piriformis muscle.

deep (anterior); inferior

18

The gluteus medius muscle is positioned _______ to the gluteus minimus muscle.

superficial

19

The superior gluteal artery and nerve pass _______ to the piriformis muscle and _______ to the gluteus minimus muscle.

directly superior; superficial

20

The piriformis muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the obturator internus (and gemelli muscles).

superior

21

The sacrotuberous ligament passes _______ to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior (superficial)

22

The obturator internus muscle passes _______ to the sacrospinous ligament.

inferior

23

The obturator internus muscle passes _______ to the sacrotuberous ligament.

anterior (deep)

24

The tendon of the obturator internus (and gemelli muscles) is positioned _______ to the quadratus femoris muscle.

superior

25

The tendon of the obturator internus muscle passes _______ to the femur (neck).

posterior

26

The obturator externus muscle passes _______ to the femur (neck).

posterior

27

The tendon of the obturator externus muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the obturator internus.

directly inferior

28

The sciatic nerve passes _______ to the obturator internus tendon, and gemelli and quadratus femoris muscles.

posterior

29

At a mid-thigh level, the sciatic nerve is positioned _______ to the femur (shaft) and _______ to the hamstring muscles.

posterior; deep

30

Within the popliteal fossa, the common peroneal nerve is positioned _______ to the tibial nerve.

lateral

31

The tibial nerve passes _______ to the knee joint.

posterior

32

The popliteal artery is positioned _______ to the knee joint.

posterior

33

The tendon of the tibialis posterior muscle passes _______ to the tibia (medial malleolus).

posterior

34

At the ankle, the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the tibialis posterior muscle.

posterior-lateral

35

At the ankle, the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the flexor hallucis longus muscle.

anterior-medial

36

Near the ankle, the tibial nerve is positioned _______ to the flexor hallucis longus muscle.

anterior-medial

37

The tibial nerve passes _______ to the tibia (medial malleolus).

posterior

38

Near the ankle, the posterior tibial artery is positioned _______ to the flexor digitorum longus muscle.

posterior-lateral

39

Near the ankle, the posterior tibial artery is positioned _______ to the flexor hallucis longus muscle.

anterior-medial

40

The posterior tibial artery passes _______ to the tibia (medial malleolus).

posterior

41

The tendon of the peroneus brevis muscle passes _______ to the fibula (lateral malleolus).

posterior

42

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes _______ to the fibula (lateral malleolus).

posterior

43

The common peroneal nerve passes directly ______ to the neck of the fibula.

superficial (lateral)

44

The anterior tibial artery and deep peroneal nerve are positioned _______ to the tibialis anterior muscle.

lateral

45

The anterior tibial artery and deep peroneal nerve are positioned _______ to the extensor hallucis longus muscle.

medial

46

At the ankle, the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the extensor digitorum longus muscle.

medial

47

At the ankle, the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle is positioned _______ to the tendon of the tibialis anterior muscle.

lateral

48

At the ankle, the dorsalis pedis artery is positioned _______ to the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle.

directly lateral

49

The iliofemoral ligament passes _______ to the neck of the femur.

anterior

50

The ischiofemoral ligament passes _______ to the head and superior to the neck of the femur.

posterior

51

The biceps femoris (tendon) muscle is positioned _______ to the fibular collateral ligament.

lateral

52

At the level of the knee, the gracilis muscle (tendon) is positioned _______ to the sartorius muscle (tendon).

posterior

53

At the level of the knee, the gracilis muscle (tendon) is positioned _______ to the semitendinosus muscle (tendon).

anterior

54

The iliotibial tract passes _______ to the knee joint.

lateral

55

The anterior cruciate ligament passes _______ to the posterior cruciate ligament.

lateral

56

The flexor hallucis longus muscle (tendon) passes _______ to the calcaneus (sustentaculum tali).

inferior

57

In the deep foot, the flexor digitorum longus muscle (tendon) passes _______ to the flexor hallucis longus (tendon).

inferior