Flashcards in Relief Agencies Deck (26):
What was the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)?
Paid farmers to reduce production
Successes of the AAA:
Farmers income went from $4.5 to $6.9 billion
Prices were raised (economy boost)
95% tobacco growers signed up
Failures of the AAA:
6 million piglets killed
Criticism because food was destroyed when American population starving
What month and year did the AAA begin?
What was the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)?
$500 million divided among states to provide relief
Successes of the FERA:
Helped poor + unemployed
Established federal governments to provide relief
Failures of the FERA:
People who needed relief were treated badly
What month and year was the FERA put in place?
What was the Civil Works Administration (CWA)?
Provided emergency relief to 4 million Americans
Successes of the CWA:
Unemployed people were able to get employed
Failures of the CWA:
What year was the CWA put in place?
Winter 1933 - 1934
What was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)?
Help unemployed men between age of 17-24 (later raised to 28) get a job
Where were the men most likely to get jobs?
National forests + parks
Successes of the CCC:
Planted 1.3 billion trees
Created 65,100 miles of telephone wires
Worked to prevent forest fires
Failures of the CCC:
Only employed white people
No guarantee of job afterwards
What year was the CCC put in place?
What was the Home Owners Loan Cooperation (HOLC)?
Gave loans to home buyers to stimulate housing market
Successes of the HOLC:
Prevented people losing homes
Failures of the HOLC:
What year was the HOLC put in place?
What was the Social Security Act (SSA)?
Old age pensioners provided with unemployment fund
1935 - didn't begin until 1940
Successes of the SSA:
Provided welfare for those in need
Failures of the SSA:
Unemployment benefits low and limited
How many loans were given out in one year? (HOLC)