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Flashcards in Relief Agencies Deck (26):
1

What was the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)?

Paid farmers to reduce production

2

Successes of the AAA:
(3 points)

Farmers income went from $4.5 to $6.9 billion
Prices were raised (economy boost)
95% tobacco growers signed up

3

Failures of the AAA:
(2 points)

6 million piglets killed
Criticism because food was destroyed when American population starving

4

What month and year did the AAA begin?

May 1933

5

What was the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)?

$500 million divided among states to provide relief

6

Successes of the FERA:
(2 points)

Helped poor + unemployed
Established federal governments to provide relief

7

Failures of the FERA:
(1 point)

People who needed relief were treated badly

8

What month and year was the FERA put in place?

May 1933

9

What was the Civil Works Administration (CWA)?

Provided emergency relief to 4 million Americans

10

Successes of the CWA:
(1 point)

Unemployed people were able to get employed

11

Failures of the CWA:
(1 point)

Closed down

12

What year was the CWA put in place?

Winter 1933 - 1934

13

What was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)?

Help unemployed men between age of 17-24 (later raised to 28) get a job

14

Where were the men most likely to get jobs?

National forests + parks

15

Successes of the CCC:
(3 points)

Planted 1.3 billion trees
Created 65,100 miles of telephone wires
Worked to prevent forest fires

16

Failures of the CCC:
(2 points)

Only employed white people
No guarantee of job afterwards

17

What year was the CCC put in place?

March 1933

18

What was the Home Owners Loan Cooperation (HOLC)?

Gave loans to home buyers to stimulate housing market

19

Successes of the HOLC:
(1 point)

Prevented people losing homes

20

Failures of the HOLC:

Nothing

21

What year was the HOLC put in place?

1933

22

What was the Social Security Act (SSA)?

Old age pensioners provided with unemployment fund
1935 - didn't begin until 1940

23

Successes of the SSA:
(1 point)

Provided welfare for those in need

24

Failures of the SSA:
(1 point)

Unemployment benefits low and limited

25

How many loans were given out in one year? (HOLC)

300,000

26

What were the 6 relief agencies?

1) AAA - agricultural adjustment act
2) SSA - social security act
3) HOLC - home owners loan cooperation
4) CCC - civilian conservation corps
5) CWA - civil works administration
6) FERA - federal emergency relief administration