Renal Anatomy Test 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Renal Anatomy Test 5 Deck (21):
0

What is the typical measurement of the kidney?

approx 12 cm long

5 cm wide

2.5 cm thick

1

The kidney is found in what space?

It's in the retroperitoneum

pararenal

perirenal

posterior (where the fat is)

2

What will move the kidneys?

respiration

3

what structures come out of the hilum?

renal vein and artery

ureter

lymph vessels and sympathetic fibers

4

The renal fascia is also known as??

gerota fascia

a layer of connective tissue encapsulating the kidneys

parenchyma of renal cortex lies beneath the renal capsule

5

What is the cortex?

outer portion that contains tubules responsible for filtering the blood

6

What is the medulla?

pyramids

empty their contents into the collecting space called the renal pelvis

responsible for absorption

7

What is the renal sinus?

central portion of the kidney

contains the collecting system:

major and minor calycs

arteries and veins

lymphatic

part of renal pelvis

8

How does the ureter divide into the pelvis of the kidney?

slide 18

9

What are the functional units of the kidneys?

the nephrons

10

What is found in the renal corpuscle?

slide 22

Network of capillaries (glomerulus)

11

Slide 25 should be efferent not afferent

fix

12

What are the steps of the arteries of the kidney?

main renal>>>segmental arteries>>>Lobar>>>interlobar>>>arcuate arteries>>>interlobular>>>afferent arterioles

interlobar - side of pyramid

arcuate - base of pyramids

13

What muscle does the kidneys run along?

psoas muscle

14

How long is the ureter?

approx 25cm long

15

What/where are the three ureter constrictions?

UPJ - point at which the pelvis joins the ureter (ureteropelvic junction)

point at which the ureter is kinked as it crosses the pelvic brim

UVJ - point at which the ureter pierces the bladder wall (ureterovesicle junction)

16

What are the three openings of the bladder?

two are posterior and lateral for the ureters

one that is anterior for the urethra

17

When the bladder is full....what is the lining like?

smooth and stretched

18

What is the lining of the bladder when it is empty?

a series of folds

19

What is the trigone?

area of the inferior bladder where the ureters end and the bladder and urethra exits

20

Slide 38

know definitions