Flashcards in Renal Anatomy Test 5 Deck (21):
What is the typical measurement of the kidney?
approx 12 cm long
5 cm wide
2.5 cm thick
The kidney is found in what space?
It's in the retroperitoneum
posterior (where the fat is)
What will move the kidneys?
what structures come out of the hilum?
renal vein and artery
lymph vessels and sympathetic fibers
The renal fascia is also known as??
a layer of connective tissue encapsulating the kidneys
parenchyma of renal cortex lies beneath the renal capsule
What is the cortex?
outer portion that contains tubules responsible for filtering the blood
What is the medulla?
empty their contents into the collecting space called the renal pelvis
responsible for absorption
What is the renal sinus?
central portion of the kidney
contains the collecting system:
major and minor calycs
arteries and veins
part of renal pelvis
How does the ureter divide into the pelvis of the kidney?
What are the functional units of the kidneys?
What is found in the renal corpuscle?
Network of capillaries (glomerulus)
Slide 25 should be efferent not afferent
What are the steps of the arteries of the kidney?
main renal>>>segmental arteries>>>Lobar>>>interlobar>>>arcuate arteries>>>interlobular>>>afferent arterioles
interlobar - side of pyramid
arcuate - base of pyramids
What muscle does the kidneys run along?
How long is the ureter?
approx 25cm long
What/where are the three ureter constrictions?
UPJ - point at which the pelvis joins the ureter (ureteropelvic junction)
point at which the ureter is kinked as it crosses the pelvic brim
UVJ - point at which the ureter pierces the bladder wall (ureterovesicle junction)
What are the three openings of the bladder?
two are posterior and lateral for the ureters
one that is anterior for the urethra
When the bladder is full....what is the lining like?
smooth and stretched
What is the lining of the bladder when it is empty?
a series of folds
What is the trigone?
area of the inferior bladder where the ureters end and the bladder and urethra exits