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Flashcards in Renal Cases and Foley Lab Deck (7)
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1

75% of renal masses are what?

Renal cell carcinoma

2

Where does renal cell carcinoma arise from

Kidney parenchyma (as opposed to urothelial cancer which is from renal pelvis/calices)

3

Most common metastatic sites for RCC

Most common is lung

Can also be bone or regional LNs

4

5 subtypes of RCC and most common subtype

Clear cell (70-80% of cases)
Papillary renal cell
Chromophobe
Medullary
Collecting duct

5

Most common hereditary type of RCC

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) predisposes to clear cell RCC and vascular lesions

6

Risk factors for RCC

Prior RCC diagnosis
Smoking
Obesity
HTN
Renal failure
Acquired renal cystic disease
Tuberous sclerosis
Heavy meat and high fat dairy products
Low SES
Heavy metal exposure
Other toxin exposure

7

Conditions associated with RCC other than VHL

Tuberous sclerosis
Hereditary leiomyomatosis
Sickle cell trait
Adult polycystic kidney disease
Renal cystic disease