renal Physio Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in renal Physio Deck (24):
1

what is the net gain of water per day

zero

2

what is the most vascular part of the kidney?

cortex

3

what is the bladder capacity

600

4

what is the net gain of water per day

zero

5

insensible loss-- skin

normal 350 exercise 350

6

insensible loss-- lungs

normal 350 exercise 650

7

water lost in sweat

normal 100 exercise 5000

8

water lost in feces

normal 100 exercise 100

9

water lost in urine

normal 1400 exercise 500

10

total water intake from metabolism

200ml

11

activated first before RAAS

baroreceptor reflex

12

senses BP changes

macula densa

13

JG cells secrete

Renin

14

liver angiotensinogen is converted to angiotensin 1 by

renin

15

Aldosterone effects

Renal: inc Na reabsorption, inc K secretion, inc H secretion

16

side effects of high aldosterone

metabolic alkalosis; hypoK

17

what are the triggers for ADH secretion

Inc plasma osmolarity, dec blood volume, dec blood pressure

18

substance that is filtered, not reabsorbed and secreted

PAH

19

highest clearance (glucose, inulin, or PAH)

PAH

20

Estimates RPF and RBF (glucose, inulin, or PAH)

PAH

21

special renal cells: absorb Na and H20 and secrete K+

principal cells

22

special renal cells: absorb k and secre H

intercalated cells

23

special renal cells: secrete EPO

interstitial cells of peritubular capillaries

24

special renal cells: detects changes in sodium concentration in the distal tubule

macula densa