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Flashcards in Research Strategies Deck (12):
1

*Operational Definition

A statement of the procedures or ways in which a researcher is going to measure behaviors or qualities (ex: how happy are you from 1 to 10, 10 being very happy)

2

*Naturalistic observation

- Describes and measures people and/or animals’ behavior systematically
- Limited by

3

*what is a survey?

Asking people questions about their thoughts, feelings, desires, and actions and recording their answers

4

*wording effects

The phrasing of a question might affect people’s expressed opinion. Ex: “aid to the needy” instead of “welfare

5

*response bias

when a participant provides a response that does not reflect their true thoughts, feelings, or behavior.

6

*random sampling

Every person in the total group has an equal chance of being included in the sample group

7

*Random assignment?

Participants have an equal chance of being in very experimental group

8

What are the 3 measures of central tendency?

mean
median
mode

9

*mean

average of all scores

10

*median

the middle score

11

*mode

occurring most frequently

12

*statistical significance

Probability that results are due to chance