Respiration Flashcards Preview

Bioenergetics > Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiration Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define respiration:

The process of transferring energy from glucose

2

What is the energy from respiration used for:

Respiring, contracting muscles to move, making larger molecules and keeping body temperature stable

3

Define metabolism:

All the chemical reactions occurring in an organism

4

What is aerobic respiration:

Respiration that requires oxygen

5

What are the equations for aerobic respiration:

Glucose + oxygen ---> carbon dioxide + water
C(6)H(12)O(6) + 6O(2) ---> 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O

6

What is anaerobic respiration:

Respiration that doesn't require oxygen

7

What is the equation for anaerobic respiration:

Glucose ---> lactic acid

8

Which type of respiration is more efficient and provides more energy:

Aerobic

9

What is the equation for anaerobic respiration in plants and yeast:

Glucose ---> ethanol + carbon dioxide

10

What is anaerobic respiration called in yeast:

Fermentation

11

When you exercise, you need more energy so you:

Respire more

12

In order to respire more, the body increases:

Heart rate, breathing rate and breath volume

13

What does lactic acid cause:

Pain such as cramp

14

What is an oxygen debt:

The amount of oxygen required to react with all the lactic acid (to produce carbon dioxide and water)

15

What is an alternative way of dealing with lactic acid (not reacting with oxygen):

It is transported to the liver by the blood, where it is converted back to glucose