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Flashcards in Review Deck (20)
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Define: Supination

The outward rotation of heel from the midline, and rotating forearm so palm of the hand to faces up.


Define: Pronation

The inward rotation of the heel and forearm so palm of hand faces down.


Define: Qangle

The Qangle is formed from a line drawn from the ASIS to the center of the patella, and from the center of the patella to the tibial tubercle. To find the Qangle, measure that angle, and subtract from 180 degrees. A normal Qangle in men is 14 degrees and in women is 17 degrees.


Define: Anterior

The front of the body.


Define: Posterior

The back of the body.


Define: Flexion

The shortening a joint angle.


Define: Extension

The lengthening a joint angle.


Define: Hyperextension

The excessive joint movement in which the angle formed by the bones of that joint is opened, or straightened, beyond its normal, healthy range of motion.


Define: Origin

The attachement nearest the midline of the body and/or the end attached to the least movable bone.


Define: Insertion

The point at which a muscle is attached to a bone moved by that muscle.


Define: Proximal

The closest to point of origin.


Define: Distal

The furthest from point of origin.


Define: Abduction

Moving away from the mid line of the body.


Define: Adduction

Moving towards the mid line of the body.


Define: Lateral

Away from the center of the body.


Define: Medial

Towards the center of the body.


Define: Yoga

Yoga means to “yoke,” join together.


Name and the four major paths of yoga.

1. Jnana yoga — the path of wisdom.

2. Karma yoga — the path of selfless service.

3. Bhakti yoga — the yoga of love and devotion.

4. Raja yoga — the path of the mind and senses.


Name the benefits of Yoga.

  1. Reduces mental and emotional stress
  2. Improves muscle tone
  3. Relieves physical tension
  4. May reduce back pain
  5. Helps with strength, flexibility, range of motion, and balance
  6. Calms the mind, reduces stress and anxiety
  7. Increases metabolism and energy
  8. Can help reduce depression, panic attacks, and insomnia
  9. Strengthens the immune system
  10. Slows heart rate
  11. Lowers blood pressure
  12. Increases blood circulation
  13. Helps to detoxify the system
  14. Improves function and tone of internal organs, including digestion and elimination
  15. Relieves physical tension
  16. Promotes a state of relaxation and inner contentment


  • Ananda- For those who aspire to more than simply building a hard body, Ananda Yoga provides a tool for spiritual growth while releasing unwanted tensions.