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Flashcards in Revision Deck (37):
1

Strong association of with endometriosis of the ovary
Association with Lynch syndrome

Endometrioid and clear cell carcinoma

2

May produce oestrogen causing uterine bleeding

Fibroma/thecoma

3

May secrete oestrogen, may cause precocious puberty/post menopausal bleeding

Granulosa cell tumour

4

May cause thyrotoxicosis

Dermoid cysts (as it contains mature tissue, it may contain thyroid tissue!)

5

May produce androgens, which may cause hirsutism/virilisation

Thecal tumour

6

CEA may be elevated in which type of tumour

Mucinoid tumour

7

Tumour markers in mucinoid tumours

May have raised CEA and CA19-9
May have normal CA125

8

Malignant germ cells may produce which hormones?

HCG/AFP

9

Dysgerminoma

LDH
Beta HCG
PLAP

10

Seminoma

Beta HCG

11

Choriocarcinoma

Beta HCG

12

Yolk sac

AFP

13

Embryonal

AFP and beta HCG

14

Stromal tumours (granulosa cell/sertoli-leydig/ fibroma)

Estradiol

15

What do you need for a diagnosis of labour?

Cervical dilatation
Regular uterine contractions
Descent of presenting part

16

Treatment of obstetric cholestasis (bile <40 and bile >40)

<40 = colestyramine and hydroxyzine
>40 = urseodeoxycholic acid

17

May be presenting feature of testicular cancer in young men

Hydrocele

18

May be presenting feature of renal carcinoma

Varicocele

19

What stimulates the granulosa cells to produce oestrogen?

LH

20

Treatment for puerperal pyrexia?

Clindamycin and gentamicin

21

Caused by a defective decidua basalis

Placenta accreta

22

Reflexes in placental abruption

Hyperreflexia

23

Fetal anomalies which can cause polyhydramnios

Duodenal atresia
Anencephaly

24

Fetal abnormalities which can cause oligohydramnios

Fetal urinary tract problems - e.g. renal agenesis (Potter's) and GU obstruction

25

Biggest risk factor for chorioamnionitis?

Premature rupture of membranes

26

Treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum?

Promethazine

27

Causes of folic acid deficiency?

Phenytoin
Methotrexate
Pregnancy
Alcohol excess

28

How much vitamin D should pregnant ladies take?

10 micrograms per day

29

When is the fetus palpable at the xiphoid sternum?

36 weeks

30

When is the fetus palpable at the umbilicus?

20 weeks

31

Sertoli-leydig tumours are associated with what syndrome?

Peutz-Jegher syndrome

32

This type of tumour contains Call-Exner bodies

Granulosa cell tumour

33

This type of tumour is associated with Turner's syndrome

Dysgerminoma

34

Mucin secreting ring cell adenocarcinoma

Krukenberg tumour

35

Strawberry cervix

Trachimonas vaginalis

36

Coffee bean nuclei

Brenner tumour

37

COC redcues risk of which type of cancer?

Ovarian