RGRE 0610 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in RGRE 0610 Deck (200):
1

BOOR

a rude or insensitive person; lout; yokel

2

BROACH

bring up; announce; begin to talk about

3

BROOK

to tolerate; endure; countenance

4

BUCOLIC

rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants

5

BURGEON

to grow rapidly or flourish

6

BURNISH

to polish; rub to a shine

7

BYZANTINE

labyrinthine; complex

8

CACOPHONY

harsh; jarring; discordant sound; dissonance

9

CADGE

to sponge; beg; or mooch

10

CAJOLE

to inveigle; coax; wheedle; sweet-talk

11

CALUMNIATE

to slander; make a false accusation

12

CANON

an established set of principles or code of laws; often religious in nature

13

CAPRICIOUS

inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable

14

CARDINAL

of basic importance or consequence; primary

15

CARET

an insertion mark (^) used by editors and proofreaders

16

CARNALITY

something relating to the body or flesh

17

CASTIGATION

severe criticism or punishment

18

CATALYST

a substance hat accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change

19

CAUSALITY

the relationship between cause and effect

20

CAUSTIC

burning or stinging; causing corrosion

21

CENSURE

to criticize severely; to officially rebuke

22

CENSURE

a judgment involving condemnation; the act of blaming or condemning

23

CHAOS

a condition of confusion or unpredictability

24

CHARY

wary; cautious; sparing

25

CHASTEN

to chastise or correct; subdue

26

CHAUVINIST

one blindly devoted to a group of which one is a member

27

CHIC

stylish and fashionable; sophistication in dress

28

CHICANERY

trickery or subterfuge

29

CHIMERA

an illusion

30

CHOLERIC

tending toward anger

31

CHURLISH

boorish; vulgar; loutish; difficult and intractable

32

COALESCE

to come together; to fuse or unite

33

CODA

concluding section to a musical or literary piece; something that concludes or completes

34

COGENT

appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing

35

COLOR

to change as if by dyeing; influence; distort; or gloss over

36

COMMENSURATE

matching; corresponding; or proportionate in degree; size; amount; or other property

37

COMPLAISANCE

the willingness to comply with the wishes of others

38

CONFOUND

to cause to be confused; to frustrate

39

CONNOISSEUR

an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert

40

CONSEQUENTIAL

pompous; self-important

41

CONTEMN

to scorn or despise

42

CONTENTIOUS

argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement

43

CONTIGUOUS

sharing a border; touching; adjacent

44

CONTRITE

regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness

45

CONVENTION

a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude

46

CONVOLUTED

complex or complicated

47

CORRIGIBLE

capable of being set right; correctable; reparable

48

COUNTENANCE

to approve of or tolerate

49

COZEN

to deceive; beguile; hoodwink

50

CRAVEN

contemptibly fainthearted; pusillanimous; lacking any courage

51

CREDULOUS

tending to believe too readily; gullible

52

CRESCENDO

a gradual increase in intensity; particularly in music

53

CULPABLE

deserving blame

54

CYNICISM

an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness

55

DAMP

to diminish the intensity or check something; such as a sound or feeling

56

DAUNT

to intimidate or dismay

57

DEARTH

smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; lack

58

DEBACLE

rout; fiasco; complete failure

59

DECORUM

politeness or appropriateness of conduct or behavior

60

DELETERIOUS

injurious; harmful

61

DEMUR

to question or oppose

62

DENIGRATE

blacken; belittle; sully; defame; disparage

63

DENOUEMENT

an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot

64

DEPRECATE

to disparage or belittle

65

DEPREDATE

to plunder; pillage; ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner

66

DERISION

scorn; ridicule; contemptuous treatment

67

DERIVATIVE

unoriginal; obtained from another source

68

DESICCATE

to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull

69

DESUETUDE

disuse

70

DESULTORY

random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose

71

DETRACTION

slandering; verbal attack; aspersion

72

DIAPHANOUS

transparent; gauzy

73

DIATRIBE

a harsh denunciation

74

DIDACTIC

intended to teach or instruct

75

DIE

a tool used for shaping

76

DIFFIDENT

reserved; shy; unassuming; lacking in self-confidence

77

DIGRESS

to stray from the point; to go off on a tangent

78

DILATE

to become wider or more open

79

DILATORY

causing delay; procrastinating

80

DILETTANTE

one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge

81

DIN

loud sustained noise

82

DIRGE

a mournful song or poem for the dead

83

DISABUSE

to undeceive; to set right

84

DISCOMFIT

to defeat; put down

85

DISCORDANT

conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound

86

DISCRETION

cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions

87

DISINTERESTED

free from self-interest; unbiased

88

DISPARAGE

to slight or belittle

89

DISPARATE

fundamentally distinct or dissimilar

90

DISSEMBLE

to disguise or conceal; to mislead

91

DISSOLUTION

disintegration; looseness in morals

92

DISSONANCE

lack of harmony; conflict

93

DISTRAIT

distracted; absent-minded; especially due to anxiety

94

DIVULGE

to disclose something secret

95

DOGGEREL

trivial; poorly constructed verse

96

DOGMATIC

authoritatively and or arrogantly assertive of principles; which often cannot be proved; stubbornly opinionated

97

DROSS

slag; waste or foreign matter; impurity; surface scum

98

DULCET

melodious; harmonious; mellifluous

99

DUPE

one who is deceived

100

DYNAMO

generator; forceful; energetic person

101

EBULLIENCE

the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings

102

ECCENTRIC

departing from norms or conventions

103

ECLECTIC

composed of elements drawn from various sources

104

EDIFYING

enlightening; informative

105

EFFICACY

the ability to produce an intended result

106

EFFRONTERY

extreme boldness; presumptuousness

107

EFFUSIVE

gushing; excessively demonstrative

108

ELEGY

a mournful poem; especially one lamenting the dead; any mournful writing or piece of music

109

ELOQUENT

well-spoken; expressive; articulate

110

EMOLLIENT

soothing; especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying

111

EMPIRICAL

based on observation or experiment

112

ENCOMIUM

glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric; tribute; eulogy

113

ENDEMIC

characteristic of or often found in a particular locality; region; or people; restricted to or peculiar to that region; indigenous

114

ENERVATE

to weaken; to reduce in vitality

115

ENGENDER

to cause; produce; give rise to

116

ENIGMATIC

mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand

117

ENNUI

dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy

118

ENORMITY

excessive wickedness; evilness

119

EPHEMERAL

brief; fleeting; short-lived

120

EPICURE

one devoted to sensual pleasure; particularly in food and drink; gourmand; sybarite

121

EPISODIC

loosely connected; not flowing logically; occurring at intervals

122

EPITHET

disparaging word or phrase

123

EPITOME

embodiment; quintessence

124

EQUANIMITY

calm; composure; self-possession

125

EQUABLE

level; not able to be easily disturbed

126

EQUIVOCATE

to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent

127

ERRANT

traveling; itinerant; peripatetic

128

ERRATIC

without consistency

129

ERUDITE

very learned; scholarly

130

ESCHEW

to shun or avoid

131

ESOTERIC

intended for or understood by a small; specific group

132

ESSAY

to test or try; attempt; experiment

133

ESTIMABLE

worthy; formidable

134

EULOGY

a speech honoring the dead

135

EVANESCENT

tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing

136

EVINCE

to show clearly; to indicate

137

EXACERBATE

to make worse or more severe

138

EXACT

to demand; call for; require; take

139

EXCORIATE

to censure scathingly; to upbraid

140

EXCULPATE

exonerate; to clear of blame

141

EXEMPLAR

typical or standard specimen; paradigm; model

142

EXHORT

to incite; to make urgent appeals

143

EXIGENT

urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention

144

EXONERATE

to remove blame

145

EXPATIATE

discuss or write about at length; to range freely

146

EXPIATE

to atone or make amends for

147

EXPURGATE

to remove obscenity; purify; censor

148

EXTANT

existing; not destroyed or lost

149

EXTEMPORANEOUS

improvised; done without preparation

150

EXTIRPATE

to destroy; exterminate; cut out; pull out by the roots

151

FACETIOUS

playful; humorous; not serious

152

FALLACY

an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief

153

FALLOW

untilled; inactive; dormant

154

FANATICAL

zealous; single-mindedly obsessed with one thing

155

FATUOUS

silly; inanely foolish

156

FAWN

to flatter or praise excessively

157

FECKLESS

ineffectual; irresponsible

158

FELICITOUS

apt; suitably expressed; well chosen; apropos; delightful

159

FELL

a barren or stony hill; an animal's hide

160

FERVENT

greatly emotional or zealous

161

FETID

stinking; having a heavy bad smell

162

FETTER

to shackle; put in chains; restrain

163

FILIBUSTER

intentional obstruction; usually using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action

164

FILIGREE

an ornamental work; especially of delicate lacelike patterns; resembling such a pattern

165

FLAG

to sag or droop; to become spiritless; to decline

166

FLIP

sarcastic; impertinent

167

FLORID

flushed with color; ruddy; ornate

168

FLOUT

to demonstrate contempt for

169

FOMENT

to stir up; incite; rouse

170

FORBEARANCE

patience; willingness to wait

171

FORD

to wade across the shallow part of a river or stream

172

FORESTALL

to act in a way to hinder; exclude or prevent an action; to circumvent or thwart

173

FORSWEAR

to renounce; disallow; repudiate

174

FORTUITOUS

happening by fortunate accident or chance

175

FRACAS

noisy fight or quarrel; brawl

176

FRACTIOUS

quarrelsome; rebellious; unruly; cranky

177

FROWARD

intractable; not willing to yield or comply; stubbornly disobedient

178

FULMINATE

to attack loudly or denounce

179

FURTIVE

marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious

180

GAINSAY

to deny; dispute; contradict; oppose

181

GAMBOL

to skip about playfully; frolic

182

GARNER

to gather and save; store up; acquire

183

GARRULOUS

pointlessly talkative; talking too much

184

GAUCHE

crude; awkward; tasteless

185

GERMANE

relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter

186

GLIB

marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial

187

GOSSAMER

delicate; insubstantial or tenuous; insincere

188

GRANDILOQUENCE

pompous speech or expression

189

GREGARIOUS

sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people

190

GROUSE

to complain or grumble

191

GUILE

trickery; duplicity; cunning

192

HACKNEYED

rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage

193

HALCYON

calm and peaceful; prosperous

194

HALLOW

to set apart as holy

195

HARANGUE

to deliver a loud; pompous speech or tirade

196

HARROW

to distress; create stress or torment

197

HEDONISM

devotion to pleasurable pursuits; especially to the pleasures of the senses

198

HEGEMONY

the consistent dominance or influence of one group; state; or ideology over others

199

HERETICAL

violating accepted dogma or convention; unorthodox

200

HERMETIC

airtight; impervious to outside influence