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Flashcards in Rhetoric List 5 Deck (21):
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Jargon

The special language of a profession or group. The term usually has pejorative associations, with the implication that jargon is evasive, tedious, and unintelligible to outsiders. The writings of the lawyer and the literary critic are both susceptible to jargon

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Logic

The process of reasoning

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Logical fallacy

A mistake in reasoning

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Lyrical

Songlike; characterized by emotions, subjectivity and imagination

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Metaphor

A figure of speech in which one thing is referred to as another

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Metonymy

A figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person or idea to represent something with which it is associated

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Mode

The method or form of literary work; the manner in which a work of literature is written

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Mood

Similar to tone, it is the primary emotional attitude of a work(the feeling of atmosphere of the work). Syntax is also a determiner of this term because sentence strength, length, and complexity affect pacing

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Moral

The lesson drawn from a fictional or nonfictional story. It also means a heavily didactic story.

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Motif

Main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on in the development of the piece; a repeated pattern or idea

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Narration

The telling of a story in fiction, non fiction, poetry, or drama; on of the four modes of discourse

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Negative-positive

Sentence that begins by stating what us not true, then ending by stating what is true

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Non-sequitur

Latin for "it does not follow". When one statement isn't logically connected to another

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Objectivity

An impersonal presentation of events and characters. It is a writers attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in a story

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Onomatopoeia

The use of worlds that sound like what they mean

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Oversimplification

When a writer a obscures or denies the complexity of the issue in an argument

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Oxymoron

A figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases

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Pacing

The movement of a literary piece from one point or one section to another

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Parable

A short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory

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Paradox

A statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a rational meaning

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Parallelism

The technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses or large structures by placing them side-by-side and making them similar in form. Parallel structure may be as simple as listing two or three modifiers in a row to describe the same noun or verb; it may take the form of two or more of the same types of phrases (prepositional, participle, Gerund, appositive) that modify the same noun or verb; it may also take the form of two or more subordinate clauses that modify the same noun or verb. Or, parallel structure may be a complex bend of a single word, phrase, and clauses parallelism all in the same sentence