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Risk Assessment ANCC AGACNP Exam > Risk Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Risk Assessment Deck (29):
1

What is sensitivity?

TRUE POSITIVES

The DEGREE to which those who have a disease screen/test positive

2

What is specificity?

TRUE NEGATIVES

The DEGREE to which those who do NOT have a disease screen/test negative

3

What is incidence?

The FREQUENCY with which a disease or disorder appears in a particular population or area at a given time

The RATE in which NEW cases occur during a specific time period

4

What is prevalence?

The PROPORTION of a population that is affected by a disease or disorder at a particular time

5

List the major causes of mortality of adolescents (age 12-19 years).

1. MVA
2. Suicide
3. Other accidents
4. Homicide
5. CA
6. CVD or Congenital Disease

6

List the major causes of mortality in young adults (age 20-39 years).

1. MVA
2. Homicide
3. Suicide
4. Injuries
5. Heart disease
6. AIDS

7

What is the leading killer of AA men below age 35?

Homicide

8

What is the leading killer of AA below the age of 40?

AIDs

9

List the major causes of mortality in middle aged adults (age 40-59 years).

1. Heart disease
2. Accidents
3. Lung CA
4. CVA
5. Breast & colorectal CA
6. COPD

10

List the major causes of mortality in older adults (age over 60 years).

1. Heart disease
2. CVA
3. COPD
4. PNA and/or Flu
5. Lung and colorectal CA

11

What is the most common cause of CA death in MEN AND WOMEN?

Lung CA

12

What is the most common cancer overall for men and women?

Skin cancer

13

Which is the most common skin cancer?

Basal cell carcinoma

14

What is the most common cancer in females?

breast CA

15

What is the most common cancers in males?

prostate CA

16

Which is the highest cancer mortality in both men and women?

Lung CA

17

What is the most common cause of deaths in adolescents?

MVAs

18

Which skin cancer has the highest mortality?

Melanoma

19

What are the major cancer killers in men?

1. Lung
2. Prostate

20

What are the major cancer killers in both men and women?

1. Lung
2. Colorectal

21

Which is the most common gynecological cancer?

uterine/endometrial CA

22

Which is the second most common gynecological cancer?

ovarian CA

23

List the 3 top killers in the US for ALL ADULTS

1. Heart disease
2. CA
3. Lower respiratory disease (COPD, Asthma, Pna, Flu)
4. CVA
5. Accidents
6. AD
7. DM

24

What are the dietary guidelines for carbs, fats, and protein?

Carbs: 55-60%
Fat: <30% w/ <10% saturated
Protein: 0.8-1 G/kg/day (remainder of diet)

25

What are the positive effects of exercise?

-decreasing LDL
-increase BMR
-decrease stress
-improve CV fitness
-decrease signs of aging

26

What is the AHA recommendation for exercise?

It should be performed at least 30 min on most days of the week (ie, target HR should be sustained during this time, requires warmup/cooldown)

27

If someone age 35 wants to start working out but never has, what should your approach be?

1. complete H&P
2. Exercise stress test*

28

What are the US Dept of Health and Human services guidelines for exercise in adults <65?

participate in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity aerobic exercise per week, as well as muscle strengthening at least twice per week

29

What should adults >65 focus on?

Balance training in those at risk for falls