Rocky Shore Taxonomy Flashcards Preview

Marine Bio Year 2 > Rocky Shore Taxonomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rocky Shore Taxonomy Deck (53):
1

Q image thumb

Phylum; Echinodermata

Class; Ophiuroidea

Genus; Ophiura

Species; Ophiura

2

Q image thumb

Phylum; Echinodermata

Class; Asteroidea

Genus;

Species;

3

Q image thumb

Phylum; Mollusca

Class; Gastropoda

Genus; Patella

Species; Vulgata

NOTE; pink foot = patella ulyssiponesis

4

Q image thumb

Phylum; Echinodermata

Class; Echinoidea

Genus; Echinus

Species; esculentus

5

Q image thumb

Common. No dip in join. Less ruffled plates.

Phylum; Arthropoda

Class; Hexanauplia

Genus; Semibalanus

Species; balanoides

6

Q image thumb

Not found on NE. Dip in join. More ruffles plates.

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Hexanauplia
  • Genus; Chthamalus
  • Species; Montagui

7

8

Q image thumb

Shore crab Adults dark green

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Carcinus
  • Species; maenas

8

Q image thumb

Round featureless, reddish brown carapace. Black chelae. Looks like a Cornish pasty.

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Cancer
  • Species; pagurus

9

Q image thumb

Greyish brown on top Dirty yellow beneath Pereopods heavily setose.

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Porcellana
  • Species; Platyches

10

Q image thumb

Greenish tinted

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Diogenes
  • Species; Pugilator

11

6

Q image thumb

Devil crab

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Necora
  • Species; Puber

12

Q image thumb

Common intertidal. Big and dark red/ brown. Violet tips of spines.

  • Phylum; Echinodermata
  • Class; Echinoidea
  • Genus; Psammechinus
  • Species; Miliaris

13

Q image thumb

  • Phylum; Mollusca
  • Class; Gastropoda
  • Genus; Nucella
  • Species; Lapillus

14

Q image thumb

  • Phylum; Mollusca
  • Class; Gastropoda
  • Genus; Littorina
  • Species; Littorea

15

Q image thumb

  • Phylum; Arthropoda
  • Class; Malacostraca
  • Genus; Pisidia
  • Species; Longicornis

 

Small carapace = >1cm\

Unequal chelipeds 

Long and slender antennae

16

Q image thumb

Phylum; Echinodermata

Class; Ophuroided

Genus; Ophiothrix

Species; fragilis

2 cm disc, dark horizontal bands on arms, orange gonads expand ventral side between arms.

17

Q image thumb

Phylum; Chordata

Class; Ascidiarcea

Genus; Ciona

Species; Intestinalis

Soft translucent test, pale yellow-green, cylindrical

18

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Laminaria digitata

19

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Fucus serratus

20

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Saccharina latissima
  1. Long unidivided frond.
  2. No midrib.
  3. Short stipe. 

21

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophycecae
  • Laminaria hyperborea
  1. Stiff, rough, texured, oval stipe. 
  2. Broad, tough, flat blade which is divided into 5-20 straps. 

22

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Fucus vesiculosis

23

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta 
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Fucus spiralis 

 

  1. ridge along recpeticles
  2. no air bladders

24

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta 
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Ascophyllum nodosum 

 

  1. Long strap like frond
  2. No air bladders

25

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta
  • Florideophyceae
  • Polysiphonia lanosa

 

  1. Epiphyte on ascophyllum nodosum

26

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Phaeophytaceae
  • Pelvetia canaliculata
  1. Fronds are curled longitudinally 

27

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta 
  • Florideophyceae
  • Mastocarpus stellatus

28

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta
  • Florideophyceae
  • Chondrus crispus

 

  1. purpleish / red
  2. dichotomous fronds

29

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta 
  • Florideophyceae
  • Osmundea pinnatifida 
  1. alternate branching
  2. branches becoming shorter towards apex 

30

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta
  • Florideophyceae
  • Osmundea hybrida

 

  1. dark purpleish to greenish yellow fronds 
  2. mostly alternate branching

31

Q image thumb

  • Mollusca 
  • Gastropoda 
  • Littorina saxatilis 

 

  1. rougher shell than L.littorea

32

Q image thumb

  • Mollusca 
  • Gastropoda 
  • Littorina obtusata
  1. body whirl slightly larger than aperture 
  2. flat top with minimal spire
  3. smaller aperture and taller spire than littorina mariae

33

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta 
  • Florideophyceae
  • Gelidium

 

  1. genus of thalloid red algae

34

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta 
  • Florideophyceae
  • Dumontia contorta
  1. discoid base
  2. tubular, cylindrical or compressed
  3. irregulay branched
  4. axis and branches tapered at both ends, irregulay swollen and often twisted

35

Q image thumb

  • Mollusca
  • Gastropoda
  • Littorina mariae

 

  1. apperture larger (hangs down) and body whirl even flatter than littorina obtusata (no step up)

36

Q image thumb

  • Mollusca 
  • Gastropoda 
  • Gibbula cineraria
  1. fine purple stripes
  2. grey topped

37

Q image thumb

  • Mollusca 
  • Gasropoda
  • Gibbula umbilicalis
  1. broad diagonal reddish / purple stripes 
  2. silver topped

38

Q image thumb

  • Chlorohyta 
  • Ulvophyceae
  • Cladophora rupestris
  1. densely tufted 
  2. coarse feel 
  3. thallus is uniserate
  4. cell in a single row

39

Q image thumb

  • Chlorophyta
  • Ulvophyceae 
  • Cladophora pellucida

40

Q image thumb

  • Chlorophyta 
  • Ulvophyceae
  • Ulva lactuca 
  1. broad crumpled frond
  2. tough and translucent 
  3. disc like holdfast

41

Q image thumb

  • Chlorophyta 
  • Ulvophyceae
  • Ulva lactuca
  1. gut weed

42

Q image thumb

  • Chlorophyta 
  • Ulvophyceae
  • Chaetomorpha linum
  1. bright green 
  2. filaments are stiff and curled

43

Q image thumb

  • Annelida
  • Polychaeta
  • Pomatoceros triqueter

44

Q image thumb

  • Annelida
  • Polychaeta
  • Spirorbis 

45

Q image thumb

  • Cnidaria 
  • Anthozoa
  • Actina equina 

46

Q image thumb

  • Bryazoa
  • Gymnolaemata
  • Membraniporidae membranacea
  1. lact patches
  2. smooth and round
  3. rectangular zooids

47

Q image thumb

  • Bryazoa 
  • Gymnolaemata
  • Electra pilosa
  1. half of the front of the zooid calcified
  2. jagged

48

Q image thumb

  • Ochrophyta
  • Pheophyceae
  • Saccorhiza polyschides

49

Q image thumb

  • Echinodermata
  • Ophiuroidea
  • Ophiura ophiura

50

Q image thumb

  • Porifera
  • Demospongiae
  • Halichondria panicea

51

Q image thumb

  • Cnidaria 
  • Anthozoa 
  • Alcyonium digitatum

52

Q image thumb

  • Rhodophyta
  • Florideophyceae
  • Corallina officinalis

53