S1 - Believing In God Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S1 - Believing In God Deck (20):
1

Explain which religious experiences may lead to the belief in God

- People claim to experience God in miracles
- Peoples prayers get answered
- Numinous feelings

2

Define numinous

The feeling and presence of something greater then you

3

Define miracle

When something appears to happen that science cannot explain

4

Explain how a religious upbringing is likely to lead to a belief in God?

- Children will be taught to believe in God
- May be sent to a religious school
- Will spend most of their time with people who believe in God
- Children will not want to be different to their parents or upset them

4

Explain the argument of causation and how it may, or may not, lead to belief in God

- The way everything seems to have a cause makes people think the universe must have a cause. The only possible cause of the universe is God, so God must exist.
1.For
- Seems to match up with the bible and other holy texts such as the Quran
2. Against
- Why should the cause stop at God? Who or what caused God? Science explains the universe without the need for God

5

Explain now one religion responds to scientific explanations of the origins of the world

1. Many Christians accept scientific explanations but believe that God created the universe through the big bang, or uses evolution as a tool
2. Some Christians say scientific explanations are wrong and that the Bible is right
3. Some Christians believe that both science and the bible are true

6

Explain the argument of causation and how it may, or may not lead to belief in God

- The way everything seems to have a cause makes people think the universe must have a cause. The only possible cause of the universe is God, so God must exist.
1.For
- Seems to match up with the bible and other holy texts such as the Quran
2. Against
- Why should the cause stop at God? Who or what caused God? Science explains the universe without the need for God

7

Explain why scientific explanations of the origins of the world may lead some people not to believe in God

1. The big bang explains how the universe
2. Science dates the universe and the Earth at billions of years old; religion claims it is only thousands
3. Evolution is proven through DNA
4. Evolution is also proven through the fossil records

8

Define agnosticism

Not sure if God exists

9

Define atheism

Believes that no God or Gods exist

11

Explain why unanswered prayers may lead some people to not believe in God

1. Many people are atheists because of this believe that God only answers some prayers

However

2. Human parents do not always give their children what they want, so why should God? And Christians have faith in God , believe that they must trust there is a long term plan

12

Explain how one religion responds to unanswered prayers

1. Christians believe that God cannot answer selfish prayers. But he answers all other prayers though not always in the way people expect, because his answers have to fit in with his overall plans

13

Explain why evil and suffering may lead to some people not to believe in God

1. Some people do not believe in God because they think that there would be no evil and no suffering in the world if an all power created it. A good God should not want such things to happen, and a powerful God should not allow them to

13

Explain how one religion responds to the problem of evil and suffering

-Christians response
1. Praying for those who suffer
2. Helping those who suffer
3. Claiming that evil and suffering are the fault of humans misusing their free will
4. Claiming that evil and suffering are part of a test to prepare people for heaven

14

Define free will

The idea that human beings are free to make their own choices

15

Define moral evil

Actions are done by human beings that cause suffering

16

Define natural evil

Things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with human beings, like natural disasters

17

Define omnipotent

All powerful

18

Define omni-benevolent

All good and all loving

19

Explain the argument from design and how it may not lead to belief in God

2. Against
- The world is clearly not designed because of all the suffering and design flaws such as volcanoes and disease
- All the evidence for design is explained by science such as the Big Bang and evolution