S1 Test 2: Chapters 6-13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S1 Test 2: Chapters 6-13 Deck (28)
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1

passed through the Cumberland Gap and did much exploration in Kentucky

Daniel Boone

2

one of the writers of the Federalist papers and was the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

John Jay

3

a system in which power is divided among the branches of the government

a system of checks and balances

4

The 3 branches are of the U.S. government

executive, legislative, judicial

5

What were the first two American political parties, and who originally led them?

Federalists led by Alexander Hamilton; Republicans led by James Madison

6

Name the members of George Washington's cabinet

Vice President - John Adams; Secretary of State - Thomas Jefferson; Attorney General - Edmund Randolph; Secretary of War - Henry Knox; Secretary of the Treasury - Alexander Hamilton

7

Two acts that hurt John Adam's administration

Alien Act, Sedition Act

8

the Vice President and intriguer who killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel

Aaron Burr

9

The biggest mistake of Thomas Jefferson's presidency was the imposition of an __, which closed all American ports to foreign trade.

embargo

10

The United States doubled in area when the ___ was added to the country in ___ (year)

Louisiana purchase, 1803

11

___ and ___ set out on their expedition to the northwest in ___ (year) to find the ___.

Merwether Lewis, William Clark; 1804; Northwest Passage

12

The War of 1812 lasted from ___ to ___ and took place during the administration of President ___.

1812 to 1814; James Madison

13

Three Americans who were made famous by their victories during the War of 1812

Oliver H. Perry, William Henry Harrison, and Andrew Jackson

14

The Battle of ___ was actually fought after the war was over because ...

New Orleans; a peace treaty was already signed, but word of it did not reach the U.S. for several weeks

15

The war was ended by the Treaty of ___, which was signed on ___ (complete date).

Ghent; December 24, 1814

16

The Great Triumvirate of the U.S. Congress during the first half of the nineteenth century was made up of

Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun

17

The ___ put European powers on notice to stay out of affairs in the hemisphere of the Americans.

Monroe Doctrine

18

Known as Old Man Eloquent; the first son of a U.S. President to become President

John Quincy Adams

19

Henry Clay was nicknamed the Great Compromiser because he played a great part in the formation of what two compromises?

The Missouri Compromise; The Compromise of 1850

20

Old Hickory was the nickname of ___, who became President mainly because of his ___.

Andrew Jackson; military record

21

John C. Calhoun and Andrew Jackson were in violent opposition when it came to a state's right to obey a federal law or not. This issue was known as ___.

nullification

22

When it came to the removal of the ___ farther west, Jackson's policy was a harsh and unfeeling one.

Indian tribes

23

The term "O.K." is derived from ___

Old Kinderhook (Van Buren's birthplace

24

Nicknamed "The Little Magician," ___ had no sooner become President than the Panic of 1837 began.

Martin Van Buren

25

Known as "Old Tippecanoe," ___ was ___ years old when he bacame President, and only lived ___ after becoming President.

William Henry Harrison; 69; one month

26

Regarded as the best Supreme Court Chief Justice, ___ handed down decisions that helped to centralize the U.S. government.

John Marshall

27

a French-born artist remembered for his paintings of birds

John James Audubon

28

A great fighter for women's suffrage, ___ also has her picture on a $1 coin.

Susan B. Anthony