S1 Test 3: Chapters 14-19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S1 Test 3: Chapters 14-19 Deck (29)
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1

The three years of the Mexican War were ___ to ___.

1846 to 1848

2

The President during the Mexican War was ___, whose nickname was ___.

James K. Polk; Old Rough and Ready

3

The treaty that ended the Mexican War was ___.

the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

4

The idea that the United States would control all territory between Canada and Mexico and from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans was known as ___.

Manifest Destiny

5

The Kansas-Nebraska Bill was propsed by Senator ___, from ___ (state), whose nickname was ___.

Stephen Douglas; Illinois; the Little Giant

6

The idea that states should decide for themselves whether to be free or slave was known as ___.

Popular Sovereignty

7

accomplished very little during his one term as the 14th President of the United States

Franklin Pierce

8

The first President from the Republican Party was ___. This political party is also known as the G.O.P., which stands for ___.

Abraham Lincoln; Grand Old Party

9

the anti-slavery fanatic who led the raid on Harper's Ferry, VA, and was hanged.

John Brown

10

The American Civil War lasted from ___ until ___.

1861 until 1865

11

The Civil War began when Fort Sumter was fired upon on ___ (complete date). The first state to secede was ___.

April 12, 1861; South Carolina

12

The first President of the Confederate States of America was ___, and his Vice President was ___.

Jefferson Davis; Alexander H. Stephens

13

The Confederate general admired by most people for his "nobility of character"

Robert E. Lee

14

The first capital of the Confederacy was ___, ___. The second and longest-lasting capital of the Confederacy was ___, ___.

Montgomery, Alabama; Richmond, Virginia

15

Northern opponents of the were called ___.

copperheads

16

The document that Lincoln signed freeing the slaves in the Confederate States was called the ___, signed in ___.

Emancipation Proclamation; 1863

17

Famous Civil War nurse and principal founder of the American Red Cross

Clara Barton

18

The three theaters of war during the Civil War were the ___, ___, and ___.

eastern, western, trans-Mississippi

19

The first President of the Confederate States of Amercia was ___, and his Vice President was ___.

Jefferson Davis; Alexander H. Stephens

20

The famous battle of the iron-clad ships involved two ships called the ___ and the ___.

Virginia; Monitor

21

Lee's farthest advance to the north resulted in the Battle of ___ in July of 1863.

Gettysburg

22

After the failure of such Union generals as ___ and ___, Lincoln finally found one that would sacrifice large numbers of men in order to win. His name was ___.

George McClellan; Ambrose Burnside; Ulysses S. Grant

23

Running short of food, ammunition, clothing, and troops, Lee finally surrendered to Grant on ___ (complete date), at ___, ___.

April 9, 1865; Appomattox Court House; Virginia

24

Five days later, Lincoln was assassinated by ___ at ___ Theatre in Washington.

John Wilkes Booth; Ford's

25

Lincoln's Vice President, ___ took office as the 17th President, and was the first President to be ___.

Andrew Johnson; impeached

26

The ___ Republicans imposed a military occupation and very strict rules on the South.

Radical

27

Ulysses S. Grant made a very poor President because ...

he viewed the presidency as a reward for his military service during the Civil War and he showed poor political judgement

28

The election of 1876 saw __ allowed to become President in exchange for an end to ___.

Rutherford B. Hayes; Reconstruction

29

During Andrew Johnson's administration, the future state of ___ was purchased from ___ for the price of ___.

Alaska; Russia; $7,200,000