Securities Analysis Flashcards Preview

Series 62 > Securities Analysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Securities Analysis Deck (33):
1

Basic balance sheet equation

Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Stockholders Equity

2

What's Capital Surplus?

Amount paid by shareholders above par value for shares (aka paid-in capital or paid-in surplus)

3

Four components of stockholders equity?

1. Preferred stock
2. Common stock
3. Capital surplus
4. Retained earnings

4

What's effect of declaring and paying a cash dividend?

Declaring: retained earnings reduce and current liabilities increase (reducing net working capital)
Paying: cash and current liabilities reduce in equal amount. No effect on net working capital.

5

What's the effect of a stock dividend?

Only affects stockholders equity part of b/s: number of common increases, retained earnings decreases and capital surplus may be adjusted

6

Net working capital?

Total current assets MINUS total current liabilities

7

Current ratio?

Total current assets DIVIDED BY total current liabilities

8

Quick assets?

Current assets MINUS inventories

9

Acid test ratio?

Aka Quick Assets Ratio:
Quick assets DIVIDED BY total current liabilities

10

Cash assets ratio?

(Cash PLUS marketable securities) DIVIDED BY total current liabilities

11

Rank liquidity ratios from most stringent:

1. Cash assets ratio
2. Acid test / quick assets ratio
3. Current ratio

12

How is cash flow calculated?

Net income / loss PLUS depreciation

13

Long-term capitalisation?

Long term liabilities PLUS
preferred stock PLUS
total value of common stock (par value PLUS capital surplus PLUS retained earnings)

14

Bond ratio?

Value of bonds DIVIDED BY
total long-term capitalisation

15

Preferred stock ratio?

Value of preferred stock DIVIDED BY
total long-term capitalisation

16

Common stock ratio?

(Par value of common stock PLUS capital surplus PLUS retained earnings) DIVIDED BY
total long-term capitalisation

17

What does highly leveraged mean?

High percentage of bonds outstanding relative to common and preferred stock

18

Debt to equity ratio?

(Bonds PLUS preferred stock) DIVIDED BY (par value of common PLUS capital surplus PLUS retained earnings)

19

What are coverage ratios?

Ability to meet obligations to bondholders and preferred stockholders

20

Bond interest coverage?

Ebit DIVIDED BY annual bond interest expense

21

Preferred dividend coverage?

Net income DIVIDED BY preferred dividend

(Preferred dividend is par value of preferred MULTIPLIED by % dividend)

22

Net tangible assets per bond?

(Total assets MINUS intangibles MINUS current liabilities) DIVIDED BY number of bonds

(Calculate this as Principal amount of outstanding bonds DIVIDED BY 1000)

23

Operating profit margin?

Operating income DIVIDED BY net sales

24

Net profit margin?

Net income (after interest and taxes) DIVIDED BY net sales

25

Book value per share (net tangible asset value)?

(Total assets MINUS intangibles MINUS total liabilities MINUS par value of preferred) DIVIDED BY
number of outstanding common shares

26

Primary EPS?

(Net income MINUS preferred dividends) DIVIDED BY
number it outstanding common shares

27

P/E ratio?

Market price DIVIDED BY
earnings per share

28

Dividend payout ratio?

Dividend paid on common DIVIDED BY EPS

29

How is current yield calculated?

Annual dividend per share DIVIDED BY market price

30

What's short interest theory?

Analyses unclosed short positions. Thought to be bullish as covering positions will increase demand for the stock

31

What's a head and shoulders formation?

Indication of a reversal. In a head and shoulders top the stock is peaking and vice versa

32

What are resistance and support levels?

Levels which define the range within which a stock trades

33

What's a breakout?

When a stock breaks through its resistance / support level