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Flashcards in Seminole Maneuvers Deck (10)
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1

Clearing Turns for In-Flight Maneuvers

  1. Maintain selected altitude.
  2. Set bug to entry heading.
  3. Perform 90° clearing turn to left or right.
  4. Reduce power to approximately 15" MP, as specified for the maneuver or just above the gear horn sounding to slow airplane. (A higher MP setting may be required so the gear horn will not sound during the clearing turn.)
  5. Perform 90° clearing turn back to origional heading.

When slowing for maneuvers or approaches, maintain a power setting that eliminates the gear horn. This may increase the target speed to maintain gear horn silence.

2

Vmc Demonstration

The Vmc Demo is to be accomplished at or above 4,00' AGL, or as specified by Examiner.

In the Piper Seminole, Vmc occurs at a lower airspeed than stall speed. The Seminole will lose power as altitude increases because of the reduced density of the air entering the induction system of the engine. Increase the pitch attitude slowly to reduce the airspeed at approximately 1 knot per second while applying rudder pressure to maintain directional controluntil full rudder is applied. As the speed decreases, additional aileron input will be required to maintain a maximum of 5° bank toward the operating engine. Recover at the first indication of loss of directional controll, stall horn or buffet.

  1. Clearing turns.
  2. Flaps-up, gear-up.
  3. Mixtures—Enrichen, Props—Foward, Fuel Pumps—On.
  4. Slowly close left throttle while maintaining heading and altitude.
  5. Slow to 100 KIAS (approx. 10 KIAS above Vyse).
  6. Slowly increase right throttle (operating engine) to full power. Userudder to maintain directional control and bank up to 5° towards the operating engine.
  7. Increase pitch attitude slowly, decrease airspeed at approximately 1 knot per second until full rudder is applied to maintain directional control.
  8. Recover at first sign of either loss of directional control or first indication of stall (stall horn or buffet).
  9. Recover promptly by simultaneously reducing power sufficiently on the operating engine while decreasing the angle of attack as necessary to regain direction control within 20° of entry heading.
  10. Continue recovery by increasing power slowly on operating engine while maintaining an AOA that allows for airspeed to increase to a point where directional control can be maintained with a minimum loss of altitude.
  11. Accelerate to 82-88 KIAS.
  12. Bring throttles slowly together to 20" MP.
  13. "Cruise Checklist."

During the Vmc Demo, the gear horn will sound due to the left throttle being closed. Do not confuse the gear horn, which beeps at 90 cycles per minute, with the steady stall warning horn—typically the first indication of a stall at which to begin recovery.

3

Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative

The maneuver shall be performed above 4,000' AGL and in a position where a safe landing at an airport can be accomplised in the event the engine cannot be restarted. Maintain altitude ±100' unless a minimum sink is required due to airspeed at blueline and extremely high density altitude. Maintain heading ±10°.

4

In-Flight Engine Failure (Shutdown-Secure) Demo

  1. Instructor or examiner simulates engine failure with the mixture.
  2. Complete the In-Flight Engine Failure Checklist.
  3. Complete the Trouble shoot Checklist above 3,000' AGL (if no obvious damage).
  4. If no re-start, continue the In-Flight Engine Failure Secure Checklist and complete the Engline Failure Secure Checklist.
  5. Maneuver as speified by instructor or examiner.

When maneuvering with one engine inoperative is complete, perform an airstart (separate maneuver) using the Airstart Checklist.

5

Emergency Descent

  1. Throttles — Slowly reduce to idle.
  2. Props — Full Forward.
  3. Mixtures — Adjust.
  4. Gear — Down, accelerate to up to a max speed of 140 KIAS (For training at ATP use 120 KIAS unless specified by examiner to go up to the max of 140 KIAS.)
  5. Cowl Flaps — As Required.
  6. Maintain 140 KIAS (ATP 120 KIAS) during descent.
  7. Notify ATC as appropriate.

When recovering from the Emergency Descent, verify airspeed at or below 109 KIAS (maximum gear retraction speed) before retracting the gear.

6

Recovery from Unusual Attitudes

Nose High—Climbing

(Airspeed Decreasing)

  1. Increase power.
  2. Pitch level.
  3. Bank 0°.
  4. "Cruise Checklist."

 

Nose Low—Descending

(Airspeed Increasing)

  1. Reduce power.
  2. Bank 0°.
  3. Pitch smoothly level.
  4. "Cruise Checklist."

7

Steep Turns

Steep turns are to be accomplished above 3,000' AGL. Roll into a coordinated 360° steep turn with at least 45° of bank. The applicant is required to maintain entry altitude ±100', airspeed ±10 KIAS, and bank angle ±5°, roll out on the entry heading ±10°. 

  1. Clearing turns as specified by the Examiner.
  2. Set power 20" MP, 2300 RPM.
  3. Set bug to entry heading.
  4. Maintain selected altitude ±100'.
  5. Maintain 120 KIAS or a safe airspeed not to exceed Va.
  6. Adjust power as necessary during maneuver.
  7. Perform 360° turn to the left maintaining at least 45° bank ±5°.
  8. Roll out on entry heading ±10°.
  9. Perform 360° turn to the right maintaining at least 45° bank ±5°.
  10. Roll out on entry heading ±10°.

8

Maneuvering During Slow Flight

Slow flight is to be accomplished above 4,00' AGL. As specified by the Examiner, this maneuver may be accomplished in any configuration while demonstrating coordinated straight-and-level flight, climbs, turns, and descents. The airspeed selected is that at which any further increase in angle of attack, increase in load factor, or reduction in power would result in an immediate stall. The applicant is required to maitain selected altitude ±100', heading ±10°, airspeed +10/-0 KIAS, and bank angle ±10°. 

  1. Clearing turns.
  2. "Gear Down Before Landing Checklist."
  3. Extend full flaps 40°.
  4. Slow to just above stall (approximately 60 KIAS).
  5. Adjust power as necessary (Approximately 20" MP) to maintain sirspeed while maneuvering.
  6. Accomplish straight-and-level flight climbs, turn, and descents as required.
  7. Recover with max power.
  8. Retract flaps slowly to 0°.
  9. Accelerate to 82 KIAS (Vx), maintain altitude or climb as specified by Examiner.
  10. Retract gear, accelerate to 88 KIAS (Vy).
  11. "Cruise Checklist."

9

Power-Off Stall

Stalls are to be accomplished above 4,000' AGL, with a stabalized descent approximating a 3° final approach glidepath (400 FPM). Private requires prompt recovery after a fully developed stall occurs. As specified by the Examiner, this stall may be accomplished on a selected heading ±10° or in a 15°-bank turn (max bank 20°).

Always reduce throttles slowly to avoid damage to engines.

When recovering with max power, advance throttles smoothly. This assists with symmetrical power increases.

  1. Clearing turns.
  2. "Gear Down Before Landing Checklist."
  3. Extend full flaps 40°.
  4. Establish a stabilized 400 FPM descent at 75 KIAS.
  5. Maintain selected heading or establish 15°-bank turn as specified by Examiner.
  6. Slowly reduce power to idle.
  7. Slowly increase pitch attitude to induce a stall.
  8. Recover immediately after a fully developed stall occurs. Simultaneously reduce angle of attack by lowering the nose, smoothly apply max power, and level the wings.
  9. Retract flaps slowly to 0°.
  10. Accelerate to 82 KIAS (Vx), establish a positive rate of climb.
  11. Retract gear, accelerate to 88 KIAS (Vy).
  12. "Cruise Checklist."

10

Power-On Stall

Stalls are to be accomplished above 4,000' AGL. Private requires recovery after a fully developed stall occurs. As specified by the Examiner, this stall may be accomplished in the takeoff configuration (Gear Down, Flaps 0°) or the departure configuration (Gear Up, Flaps 0°) while on a selected heading ±10° or in a 15°-bank turn (max bank 20°) ±10°.

  1. Clearing turns.
  2. Set takeoff or departure configuration as specified by the Examiner.
  3. Mixtures — Enrichen, Props — Forward, Fuel Pumps — On.
  4. Slow to 80 KIAS, liftoff speed.
  5. Maintain selected heading or establish a 15°-bank turn, as specified by the Examiner.
  6. Transition smootly to approximately a 15° pitch-up while increasing power to 18" MP.
  7. Recover immediately after a fully developed stall occurs. Simultaneously reduce the angle of attack by lowering the nose, smoothly apply max power, and level the wings.
  8. Accelerate to 82 KIAS (Vx), establish a positive rate of climb.
  9. Retract gear (if extended), accelerate to 88 KIAS (Vy).
  10. "Cruise Checklist."