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Flashcards in sentence test Deck (15):
1

Argument

Appeals to audiences sense of reason (defending claim w facts and evidence)

2

Persuasion

Appeals mainly to an audiences feeling and values (crafty writing w pathos and ethos)

3

Logos

Logical (addresses the rational faculties of readers)

4

Pathos

Emotional (aims to the readers hearts)

5

Ethos

Ethical (uses expertise and character)

6

Inductive reasoning

Starts with an observation or question that leads to a theory by examining the related issues

7

Deductive reasoning

Starts with a theory or statement and then works it's way down to a conclusion based on evidence

8

Hasty generalization

An inductive conclusion that leaps to all instances when at best only some of It has evidence

9

Oversimplification

An inductive conclusion that ignores complexities

10

Begging the question

Assuming a conclusion in the statement of a premise (we can trust the president to not neglect the needy because he is a compassionate man)

11

Ignoring the question

shifting the argument

12

Ad hominem

Ignoring the question by attacking their opponent on a personal level

13

Either or

Making reader choose between two interpretations

14

Non sequitur

Conclusion derived illogically

15

Post hoc

Assuming that because one thing precedes another, it must have caused the other