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Flashcards in Shakespeare Deck (229):
1

exploring [ɪkˈsplɔːrɪŋ]

исследования; путешествия с целью исследовани; Exploring English: Shakespeare

2

исследовать, изучать

explore [ɪkˈsplɔː]

3

track [træk]

след; отпечаток; колея; следить, прослеживать; выслеживать track your progress

4

highlight [ˈhaɪlaɪt]

выдвигать на первый план; выпячивать; придавать большое значение; ярко освещать; отводить главное место
Синоним: feature

5

bubble [ˈbʌb(ə)l]

пузырек (воздуха или газа); дутое предприятие; «мыльный пузырь», химера; мыльный пузырь

6

reveal [rɪˈviːl]

разоблачение; обнаружение; откровение; показывать, обнаруживать; открывать; разоблачать

7

thread [θrɛd]

продевать нитку; нанизывать; вплетать, переплетать; перебирать; нитка, нить; связующая линия; связь; паутинка, волосок; тонкая струйка

8

whilst [(h)waɪlst]

пока

9

robust [rəˈbʌst,ˈrəʊbʌst]

крепкий, здоровый; сильный; твердый; здравый, ясный

10

encourage [ɪnˈkʌrɪdʒ]

ободрять; поощрять, поддерживать; потворствовать, потакать, попустительствовать; подстрекать

11

классификация; упорядочение; градация

grading [ˈɡreɪdɪŋ]

12

намек; наводка, совет, легкая подсказка

hint [hɪnt]

13

score [skɔː]

счет; долг, задолженность

14

годный, пригодный, желательный, подходящий, приемлемый

eligible [ˈɛlɪdʒəb(ə)l]

15

колебаться, сомневаться

hesitate [ˈhɛzɪteɪt]

16

нажмите вкладку, обозначенную "дополнения"

click the tab marked ‘Additions’

17

How curious you are about the Shakespeare

curious [ˈkjʊ(ə)rɪəs] любознательный, пытливый

18

let's begin with you

давайте начнем с тебя

19

релевантный; значимый; существенный; важный; уместный, относящийся к делу

relevant [ˈrɛlɪv(ə)nt]

20

hurly-burly [ˈhɜːlɪˌbɜːlɪ]

сумятица, смятение, суматоха, переполох; волнение

21

церк. крестить; совершать обряд крещения

baptize [bæpˈtaɪz]

22

проклятие; бранное слово, брань, ругательство vile curses — грязная ругань
Синоним: swear word

curse [kɜːs] a curse warning us never to move his bones

23

(to) ссылка (на кого-л., что-л.); упоминание (о чем-л., ком-л.) to make reference to smb., smth. — ссылаться на кого-л., что-л.; упоминать о ком-л., чем-л.

reference [ˈrɛf(ə)rəns]

24

мы практически уверены, что

we're pretty sure

25

совершенно, несомненно

absolutely [ˌæbsəˈluːtlɪ] , undoubtedly [ʌnˈdaʊtɪdlɪ]

26

это помешало карьере Шекспира, как драматургу?

did it harm SH's career as a playwriter?

27

ну, мы думаем, пожалуй, наоборот

well, we think, perhaps, the opposite [ˈɒpəzɪt] (противоположный)

28

может быть, возможно; пожалуй; наверно

perhaps [pəˈhæps]

29

buried

Laid to rest

30

вдохновленный; священный

inspired [ɪnˈspaɪəd]

31

способность, возможность Синоним: capability Антоним: inability; способность, ловкость; квалификация, умение a man of ability — способный или знающий /квалифицированный/ человек

ability [əˈbɪlɪtɪ]

32

отсутствие или потеря чувства времени

timelessness [ˈtaɪmlɪsnɪs]

33

не относящийся к определенному времени; вневременный; книжн. вечный, бесконечный; непреходящий; постоянный

timeless [ˈtaɪmlɪs]

34

святыня, место поклонения

shrine [ʃraɪn]

35

очаровательный, обворожительный, пленительный

fascinating [ˈfæsɪneɪtɪŋ]

36

манящее видение (into Shakespeare's early world)

tantalizing [ˈtæntəlaɪzɪŋ] мучающий, дразнящий; привлекательный; соблазнительный glimpse [ɡlɪmps]мелькание; проблеск; мимолетное впечатление (зрительное); быстро промелькнувшая перед глазами картина

37

unfold [ʌnˈfəʊld] before your eyes on a timeline

развертывать; расстилать

38

просьба; (вежливое) требование

request [rɪˈkwɛst]

39

отрывок; выдержка; выписка; цитата; выборка; извлечение

excerpt [ˈɛksɜːpt]

40

витрина (в магазине, музее и т. п.); возможность показать что-л. в выгодном свете, с наилучшей стороны; выставочный стенд

showcase [ˈʃəʊkeɪs]

41

appeal [əˈpiːl] привлекать, интересовать; волновать, трогать

The worldwide appeal of Shakespeare

42

encounter [ɪnˈkaʊntə] столкновение; (неожиданная) встреча; (неожиданно) встретиться, столкнуться (с кем-л.)
Синоним: meet

I can't remember the first time I encountered Shakespeare

43

quote [kwəʊt] цитировать, приводить чьи-л. слова; endlessly [ˈɛndlɪslɪ] нескончаемо, бесконечно

He quoted SH endlessly without me necessarily knowing it

44

come across [ˈkʌməˈkrɒs] быть понятным, доходить до собеседника; доходить (о словах, речи)

We come across without knowing it (text) Then slowly you realized where this things come from

45

meant for предназначенный для, приспособленный для, рассчитанный на

It was meant to represent everyone

46

deal некоторое количество, часть

he may not have known a great deal about the world

47

diverse [daɪˈvɜːs]

многообразный, разнообразный, разный the most diverse cities

48

trapdoor [ˌtræpˈdɔː]

лазейка, потайной ход

49

thatch [θætʃ]

соломенная или тростниковая крыша; крыша из пальмовых листьев. The materials of the building would have inspired his work. Sometimes there's references in his plays to thatch, and to the wooden dialogue of the actor's shoes on the stage.

50

wide-ranging [ˌwaɪdˈreɪndʒɪŋ]

громадный, широкий, обширный, широкомасштабный/ The audiences were wide-ranging

51

argue and insult each other constantly

спорить и оскорблять друг друга постоянно

52

nasty [ˈnɑːstɪ] отвратительный, тошнотворный; противный, мерзкий; отталкивающий

And the nastier they can be to each other, the better.

53

People put on Shakespearean shows

This means that theatre companies organise and perform the plays of Shakespeare. So, you could say, "The theatre in my town is putting on Romeo and Juliet next month."

54

playwright

is a person who writes plays. Notice the unusual spelling, which is different from the verb, to write. It ends in I-G-H-T.

55

compound noun

That's a noun made of two words, joined together

56

theatregoer

I'm a regular theatergoer. I (don’t) consider myself a theatre-goer because …

57

attempt [əˈtɛmpt]

You may take as many attempts as you wish to answer each question

58

troupe [truːp]

труппа The most famous troupe I know is …

59

respond [rɪˈspɒnd] реагировать, отзываться; отвечать

Choose a sentence and complete it by clicking ‘join the discussion’. Then read and respond to other comments.

60

clinic [ˈklɪnɪk] мед. больница, клиника, лечебница; курсы повышения квалификации, курсы усовершенствования; обр., преим. амер. семинар

This week we had a live clinic with the educators on both Facebook and Twitter in the live Exploring English: Shakespeare clinic.

61

a (​person) ​group, or ​organization ​competing with ​others for the same thing or in the same ​area

rival communities

62

a ​result of an ​action or ​situation, esp. (in the ​plural) a ​bad ​result:

fall in love with tragic consequences

63

the ​probability (= how ​likely it is) that a ​particular thing will or will not ​happen; шансы, вероятность, возможность;

odds [ɒdz]
long odds — неравные шансы; значительное неравенство ставок, short odds — почти равные шансы; against (all) the odds — несмотря ни на что; who fall in love against the odds.

64

nobleman/ˈnəʊ.bl̩.mən/

a ​member of the ​nobility (= the ​highest ​social ​rank in a ​society)

65

маскировать, изменять внешность; переодевать; In Shakespeare’s ​plays, many ​characters ​appear in disguise

disguise [dɪsˈɡaɪz]

66

​dead or ​appearing to be ​dead

her lifeless body is discovered

67

возбуждение, волнение

excitement [ɪkˈsaɪtmənt]

68

a ​great ​amount of ​killing and ​injury:
The ​government must ​find a way to ​restore ​order and end the bloodshed.

bloodshed

69

And it all spiralling out of control

spiral- to move in a spiral

70

cтолько всего случилось

Such a lot happens to Romeo and Juliet within just a few days

71

​finally; in the end

ultimately

72

допускать, предполагать, думать

we assume [əˈsjuːm]

73

(SHOW SUPPORT) (SHOW UNDERSTANDING)

sympathize; should we sympathise with Juliet's parents, who want their daughter to marry a wealthy man?

74

-

The hand of fate

75

-

to tempt fate

76

-

a fate worse than death

77

-

to seal someone’s fate

78

​active, ​forceful, and ​determined; целеустремленный, решительный…

feisty

79

to do what you are told or ​expected to do ​according to someone in ​authority or a ​rule or ​law

obey /oʊˈbeɪ/

80

из уважения

just out of respect

81

relatable-узнаваемые; alien-coming from a different ​country, ​race, or ​group; ​foreign

it could be more relatable to them, and less alien

82

взрыв (смеха и т. п.); гул; гудение (людей); Синоним: noise

uproar [ˈʌprɔː]

83

passion/ˈpæʃ·ən/ a ​powerful ​emotion or ​its ​expression, esp. the ​emotion of ​love, ​anger, or ​hate

She was just going with her heart and her passion. And that feeling-- it's taken over her.

84

to talk back to someone

'to reply rudely' (​behaving in a way that ​hurts other people’s ​feelings; not ​polite)

85

to back someone

If the girls in the theatre audience 'backed' Juliet, it means that they supported her and they wanted things to go well for her.

86

щедрость. My bounty is as boundless as the sea.

bounty [ˈbaʊntɪ]

87

безграничный, бесконечный, беспредельный, неограниченный

boundless [ˈbaʊndlɪs]

88

бесконечный, беспредельный, безграничный

infinite [ˈɪnfɪnɪt]

89

бросаться в глаза, выделяться

sticks out. There's this line that always sticks out.

90

be encouraging and helpful

ободряющий; обнадеживающий; поощряющий, поддерживающий; encouraging smile — одобрительная улыбка

91

star-crossed lovers

This means people whose love is difficult or impossible, because of the situation they're in. In Romeo and Juliet's case, their love is almost impossible

92

debatable /dɪˈbeɪ·t̬ə·bəl/

not ​clear, not ​certain, or not ​fixed; ​possibly not ​true; спорный…

93

to ​cause ​people to do or ​believe something, esp. by ​explaining why they should: The ​government is ​trying to persuade ​consumers to ​save more.

persuade /pərˈsweɪd/

94

совершить убийство

to commit murder

95

It's a brilliant psychological study of what can happen when people want power and will do anything to get it.

psychological study

96

to ​advance someone to a more ​important ​rank or ​position:
She was promoted to ​division ​manager last ​year.
содействовать, поддерживать, рекламировать…

promote/prəˈmoʊt/

97

comes up

So she comes up with a plan to murder King Duncan

98

But Lady Macbeth has a very powerful personality and is very cold-blooded

a very powerful personality

99

​feeling ​fear or ​worry

frightened/ˈfraɪ.tənd/ Duncan's son Malcolm is frightened that he might be killed too. And so he escapes to England to lie low and stay safe.

100

hire/hɑɪər/

to ​start to ​employ someone

101

a nearby forest comes to his castle

nearby [adj] not ​far away in ​distance; ​close

102

relieved adj

happy that something ​unpleasant has not ​happened or has ​ended. Macbeth is relieved.

103

the ​fact or ​state of having done something ​wrong or ​committed a ​crime

guilt - вина, сознание вины, виновность

104

to ​enter a ​place by ​force, often in ​large ​numbers

invade /ɪnˈveɪd/вторгаться, нападать, наводнять…

105

“I have done the deed”

an ​intentional ​act, ​especially a very ​bad or very good one; It ​seems to me that a lot of ​evil deeds are done in the ​name of ​religion.
She's always ​helping ​people and doing good deeds. поступок, дело, документ

106

to ​oppose and ​cause someone to ​lose in a ​competition or ​war so that you can ​win; наносить поражение, проваливать, расстраивать; ​

defeat; Bill Clinton defeated George Bush for the ​presidency in 1992.

107

предсказание

prophecy /ˈprɑf·ə·si/

108

щедрость, великодушие

generosity /ˌdʒen.əˈrɒs.ɪ.ti/

109

to ​rule a ​country, or to have ​power or ​control; царствование, период управления, главенства;

reign v/n; the reign of Louis XIV

110

the ​murder of someone ​famous or ​important;

assassination /əˌsæs.ɪˈneɪ.ʃən/; the assassination of the ​opposition ​leader

111

a ​person, ​group, or ​organization ​competing with ​others for the same thing or in the same ​area; соперник, конкурент

rival /ˈrɑɪ·vəl/

112

unpleasantly ​proud and ​behaving as if you are more ​important than, or ​know more than, other ​people; высокомерный

arrogant /ˈær·ə·ɡənt/

113

to make someone ​feel a ​particular, and often ​bad, way toward someone ​else, or to ​influence someone in a ​particular way; располагать, склонять

dispose /dɪˈspoʊz/ Her ​sense of ​humor disposed me to like her.

114

вина; виновность; сознание вины; преступление

guilt [ɡɪlt] Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are filled with guilt over what they have done.

115

Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s greed for power - their ambition - leads them to murder and, ultimately, to their deaths.

Ambition

116

supernatural [ˌs(j)uːpəˈnætʃ(ə)rəl] сверхъестественное

Witches, ghosts and strange predictions would have seemed a lot less unusual to audiences in Shakespeare’s times than they might do today.

117

a ​circular ​decoration for the ​head, usually made of ​gold and ​jewels, ​worn by a ​king or ​queen at ​official ​ceremonies; корона, тулья, темя

crown

118

the ​brightness that a ​shiny ​surface has; a very ​special, ​attractive ​quality that ​people ​admire

lustre/ˈlʌs.tər/

119

восхищаться

admire

120

освобождать, избавлять; to ​free a ​person or ​place of something ​unwanted or ​harmful

rid [rɪd] For the witch's predictions to come true, he needs to basically get rid of King Duncan.

121

возмужалость, зрелость, мужественность; мужество, храбрость

manhood [ˈmænhʊd] She also questions his manhood.

122

двигать, побуждать, стимулировать, толкать;

propel [prəˈpɛl] So she kind of propels him with this manipulation

123

коварная женщина

scheming [ˈskiːmɪŋ] woman

124

"the be-all and end-all"

means the best thing, the most important thing about something so that you don't need to look for anything else. "Look, money is not the be-all and end-all." Or if your car-mad friend Jerry met a woman whom he loved even more than cars, you could say that, for Jerry, "Cars used to the be-all and end-all until he met Louise."

125

"the world is my oyster"

means, "I can do whatever I want" or "I can go wherever I want."

126

устрица

oyster /ˈɔɪ·stər/

127

to lie low

to hide, and stay out of trouble; After King Duncan was murdered, his son Malcolm escaped to England to lie low and stay out of Macbethʼs way.

128

a night owl

a person who is busy at night while other people are asleep; Iʼm a real night owl. I like to study at night, then go for a walk, and go to bed at around 3am.

129

at a snailʼs pace

very slowly; Traffic was moving at a snailʼs pace.

130

to break the ice

make people feel relaxed when they first meet; When Keith and I found out that we both supported the same football team, it helped to break the ice.

131

predominant

being the most ​noticeable or ​largest in ​number, or having the most ​power or ​influence

132

pointy

​shaped into a ​point:
She was ​wearing a pointy ​hat.
the ​sharp or ​narrow end of something, such as a ​knife or ​pin:
I ​stuck myself with the point of the ​needle.

133

ado /əˈdu/

​delay or ​unnecessary ​activity; Much Ado About Nothing

134

argue /ˈɑr·ɡju/

to ​disagree esp. ​strongly and sometimes ​angrily in ​talking or ​discussing something:
They argued about ​money.

135

But one of the guests decides to ruin things for them.

to ruin things for them.

136

He plans to trick Claudio into thinking that Hero is unfaithful to him.

to trick-to make someone ​believe something that is not ​true, or to ​persuade someone to do something ​based on a ​false ​understanding of the ​facts:
She tricked me into ​telling her what I was up to.

137

Beatrice and Benedick completely fall for each other

fall for each other

138

accuse /əˈkjuz/

обвинять; She accused me of ​lying.

139

faint /feɪnt/

to ​become ​unconscious unexpectedly for a ​short ​time

140

maid

горничная, служанка

141

faithful

верный, преданный, точный…

142

Meanwhile, Hero, Claudio, and their friends have a plan of their own.

have a plan of their own

143

overhear

to ​hear what other ​people are saying ​unintentionally and without ​their ​knowledge

144

confess /kənˈfes/

to ​admit that you have done something ​wrong, or to ​admit ​unwillingly that something is ​true: I’ve got something to confess – I confess that I ​ate the ​pie. признаваться, исповедоваться

145

mourn /mɔrn, moʊrn/

оплакивать, скорбеть… to ​feel or ​express ​deep ​sadness, esp. because of someone’s ​death:
[T] Frank is mourning the ​death of his ​father.

146

innocent /ˈɪn·ə·sənt/

It was a ​totally innocent ​kind of ​mistake. (of a ​person) not ​guilty of a ​particular ​crime, or having no ​knowledge of the ​unpleasant and ​evil things in ​life, or (of words or an ​action) not ​intended to ​cause ​harm:

147

bride's veil

veil /veɪl/ a ​piece of ​thin ​material ​worn to ​protect or ​hide the ​face or ​head

148

All's well that ends well

All's well that ends well

149

Claudio doesn’t know this, is both angry and upset with Hero.

with Hero.

150

especially when Beatrice and Benedick insult each other in funny ways.

/ɪnˈsʌlt/to ​act in a way or say something that is ​offensive or ​rude to someone:
Don’t insult me just because I can’t ​dance. оскорблять

151

disgusting

​extremely ​unpleasant or ​unacceptable. отвратительный

152

They both get very excited about this news

about this news

153

The plot of Much Ado About Nothing takes unexpected twists and turns so that you don’t know what to expect.

twists and turns

154

obedient/oʊˈbid·i·ənt/

doing or willing to do what you have been asked or ordered to do by someone in authority

155

vulnerable /ˈvʌl·nər·ə·bəl/

able to be easily hurt, influenced, or attacked; уязвимый, ранимый

156

witty /ˈwɪt̬·i/

using words in an amusing and intelligent way; full of wit, остроумный

157

gripping

interesting or exciting:
a gripping story

158

nasty /ˈnæs·ti/

ужасный, противный, злобный…

159

The action takes place in an Italian town called Messina.

-

160

fundamentally /ˌfʌn.dəˈmen.təl.i/

in a basic and important way

161

imagery

образ, образность

162

tempest/ˈtem·pəst/

a violent storm

163

betray

предавать, выдавать…

164

manage /ˈmæn·ɪdʒ/

справляться, ухитряться, руководить

165

frighten /ˈfrɑɪ·tənd/

to make someone feel fear

166

shipwreck /ˈʃɪpˌrek/

the destruction or sinking of a ship at sea, or a ship destroyed this way

167

persuade /pərˈsweɪd/

уговаривать, убеждать…

168

The plot of The Tempest on the face of it, is quite simple.

-

169

to take revenge on them

to do something bad to someone, because they've done something bad to you.

170

show mercy to someone

you're kind and don't punish someone even though you could if you wanted to.

171

curse

to say rude or offensive words about something or someone because you are angry

172

rag /ræɡ/

a piece of usually old, torn cloth

173

bruised /bruːzd/

having bruises(синяк)

174

calf /kæf/

a young cow, or the young of various other large mammals, including elephants and whales

175

contradictory

противоречивый

176

strick

ударять, стукнуть, приходить в голову…

177

vice /vɑɪs/

a moral fault or weakness in a person’s character; порок, зло, преступление…

178

wrath /ræθ/

гнев, ярость… (fury /ˈfjʊər·i/ ярость, бешенство…)

179

lust /lʌst/

вожделение, жажда…

180

reject /rɪˈdʒekt/

to refuse to accept, use, or believe something or someone:
The school rejects a third of all applicants.

181

He's not interested in sitting still and watching.

sitting still

182

he's been bored rigid

rigid /ˈrɪdʒ·ɪd/ not permitting any change: I keep to a rigid schedule.; not able to be bent: rigid plastic; жесткий, строгий, негнущийся…

183

attitude

отношение…the way you feel about something or someone, or a particular feeling or opinion

184

it's been argued

argue /ˈɑr·ɡju/ to disagree esp. strongly and sometimes angrily in talking or discussing something; спорить, приводить доводы…

185

pomp and circumstance

It describes a very grand ceremony. For example, when a king or president is on a state visit to another country. So we could say, much pomp and circumstance surrounded the president's funeral.

186

a heightened, courtly audience

heighten - to increase, esp. an emotion or effect: As the excitement heightened, the audience began stamping their feet.
courtly - polite and formal in behaviour

187

journeyman

a worker who has a skill that makes them able to do a particular job, and who usually works for someone else; any worker who produces good but not excellent work

188

So I think, even in Shakespeare's time, he understood that not everybody was understanding everything at every given moment, but the general sense comes over you.

comes over you -

189

blanket/ˈblæŋ·kɪt/

a cloth cover used to keep warm, esp. on a bed: fig. Congress was nearly buried under a blanket of criticism.

190

gossip /ˈɡɑs·p/

talk about other people’s private lives

191

hostile /ˈhɑs·təl, -tɑɪl/

showing strong dislike; unfriendly: Her parents were openly hostile to me.

192

ladybird

божья коровка

193

obscene /əbˈsin, ɑb-/

offensive, rude, or disgusting according to accepted moral standards; непристойный, большой до неприличия…

194

priceless

more valuable than any amount of money; precious: He has a priceless collection of antique silver.

195

puke /pjuk/ slang

блевать

196

watchdog /ˈwɑtʃˌdɔɡ, ˈwɔtʃ-/

контролирующая организация…

197

your own flesh and blood

"My brother's not like me at all. It's hard to believe he's my own flesh and blood."

198

pomp and circumstance

which was used in Shakespeare's play, Othello. It describes a very grand ceremony. For example, when a king or president is on a state visit to another country. So we could say, much pomp and circumstance surrounded the president's funeral.

199

the be-all and end-all

you could say when you're choosing a job, a good salary isn't the be-all and end-all, it's more important that you enjoy the work you're doing.

200

you can carry on at your own speed

carry on at your own speed

201

it's been described as the most frequently performed play in the world.

it's been described

202

Rather strangely, he's also now married to Hamlet's mother.

Rather strangely

203

breaks up with her

разорвал с ней

204

goes off in a rage

in a rage /reɪdʒ/extreme or violent anger, or a period of feeling such anger

205

he deserves

/dɪˈzɜːv/ заслуживать…

206

household /ˈhɑʊs·hoʊld/

a group of people, often a family, who live together

207

start (something) off

to begin doing something

208

threat

угроза, опасность…

209

accomplice /əˈkɑm·plɪs/

сообщник…

210

avenge

to get satisfaction by harming or punishing the person responsible for something bad done to you or your family or friends; мстить

211

intent

намерение

212

elsewhere

(at, in, from, or to) another place or other places; anywhere or somewhere else

213

contribute

to help by providing money or support, esp. when other people or conditions are also helping: Tourism contributes substantially to the local economy. делать взнос, жертвовать (деньги), сотрудничать (в газете…

214

And so the fact that in the Western world, his taking off the time is viewed as a problem.

taking off the time - to leave suddenly:
When he saw me coming, he took off in the other direction.

215

enchant /ɪnˈtʃænt/

to charm or please someone a lot:
He was enchanted by stories of the Old West.

216

stake/steɪk/

a share in something, esp. a financial share in a business, or an emotional investment in something:
He holds a 20% stake in the company.

217

the audience were just open-mouthed

open-mouthed

218

outbreak

the sudden start of something bad.

219

watchdog

Literally, a watchdog is a dog is used to guard or protect people, but it's also used now to mean a person or an organisation that makes sure that other people obey the law and do what they're supposed to do.

220

tongue-tied

Not knowing what to say.
E.g When he first saw her, he was too tongue-tied to say anything.

221

well-read

having read a lot
E.g.She’s highly educated and very well-read.

222

a group of words from a book, play, speech, etc., that are repeated by someone who did not write them

quotation

223

"all that glitters is not gold"

means that something that looks attractive isn't always really valuable

224

you're a bit jealous

/ˈdʒel·əs/ unhappy and slightly angry because you wish you had someone else’s qualities, advantages, or success

225

"constant as the northern star."

it comes from Shakespeare's tragedy Julius Caesar. Caesar compares himself to what we now call the North Star, which stays in exactly the same place in the sky all the time.

226

A foregone conclusion

A decision made before the evidence (свидетельство, доказательство) for it is known. An inevitable(/ɪˈnev·ɪ·t̬ə·bl/неизбежный) conclusion(вывод).

227

Wear your heart on your sleeve

Display one's emotions openly.

228

There’s method in my madness

From Shakespeare's Hamlet, 1602. The actual line from the play is 'Though this be madness yet there is method in it'.

229

ostensibly /ɑˈsten·sə·bli/

not gradable, под предлогом; на первый взгляд; с виду; под видом