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Vitamins, Minerals, and Trace Elements > Sherwood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sherwood Deck (162)
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1

what is the importance of vitamins, minerals and trace elements

-they play a role in enzymes which help us create energy

2

What vitamin is used for the maturity of cells in measles, cancer, infections that destroy cells, and burn patients

vitamin A

3

what vitamin is used for parathyroid hormone

vit A

4

what vitamin is used for CSF production

vit A

5

what vitamin is used for epithelial cell maturation

vit A

6

what vitamin is used as a mild antoxidant

vit A

7

If PTH is involved serum calcium and phosphorus will go in what direction?
What direction does calcium go in compared with PTH

-opposite
-same direction as PTH

8

If you have low calcium and high phosphorus what disease do you have

hypoparathyroidism

9

If you have retinoic acid receptor defect what vitamin are you deficient in?

vit A

10

If a patient has moans, groans, bones and stones what vitamin are they deficient in and why?

-vit A
-moans and groans are from the pancreatitis b/c of the calcium deposits imitating fat behind the pancreas
-bones are going to hurt b/c PTH is destroying the bones
-stones can be caused by the excess of calcium causing gallstones, or kidney stones or calcification throughout out the body-metastatic calcification

11

what is the most common abdominal pain

pancreatitis

12

Most common cause of free radical formations in the body is

viral infections

13

How are free radicals formed

secreted by neutrophils through the enzyme NADPH oxidase

14

why do you get cancer after radiation therapy

b/c of the free radicals

15

what is the most common cause of pancreatitis in children

-trauma
-infections (cox sackie)
-Increased triglycerides
-increased calcium

16

what is the most common cause of pancreatitis in adults

-gall stones
-alcohol
-Increased triglycerides
-increased calcium

17

A patient comes complaining of a headache, has papilledema, CT scan shows enlarged ventricles in the CT scan. What does he have and is at risk for? treatment?

Pseudotumore cerebri
-risk for blindness
-tx: discontinue vitamin A, do serial lumbar punctures to rule out infections

18

Why remove less than 30 ccs of CSF/24hrs?

osmotic shift will occur in the brain damging the pons

19

what disease causes intracranial pressure without herniation

Pseudotumore cerebri

20

what carbonic anhydrase inhibitor decrease intracranial pressure

mannitol and acetazolamide

21

Pseudotumore cerebri mcc is

obesity and vitamin A deficiency

22

vitamin b1

thiamine

23

vit b1 is necessary for what important enzymes

-pyruvate dehydrogenase
-alpha-ketoglutamate dehydrogenase
-branched chain amino acid dehydrogenase
-transketolase

24

what dehydrogenase does the heart need

-pyruvate dehydrogenase
-alpha-ketoglutamate dehydrogenase
-branched chain amino acid dehydrogenase

25

what enzyme does the heart use

-transketolase

26

a patient comes in being thiamine deficient, having short term memory, family says that they are always confabulating. You noticed during examination of the CT scan you seen mamillary bodies. What is the diagnosis

wernicke-korsakoff

27

a patient comes in having receptive aphasia and thiamine deficient

wernicke aphasia

28

wernicke encephalopathy

located in the posterior lobe
responsible for receiving spoken or written language

29

a patient heart has given out and has massive dilation. thiamine deficiency

beri beri

30

what is the difference between dry and wet beri beri

dry= heart failure
wet=when there is fluid in the lungs and have massive ventricular dilation