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the four noble truths

1.all people suffer and know sorrow
2.desires cause suffering, in other words people suffer because because they try to get things they cannot have.
3.end suffering by eliminating desires
4.eliminate desires by following the eightfold path


caste system

the caste system was a from of society, people were born into their caste. you were not allowed to move into a different sate, the laws are what dictated what you could and could not do. there are 5 levels
1. Dalit/untouchable they are the lowest, and performed unclean jobs like street,sweepets,waste handlers, dead boy handlers.
2. Sudra,commoners,peasents,laborers,servents
3.Vaishya, merchants, landowners
4. Ksatrivia, warriors and rulers


What happened to the Harrapans

climate change, disease(tuberculosis,leprosy),socio economic upheaval,invasion


how were women treated

they had to obey their sons, husband, and son. they could not own property or study sacred writings, polygyny( men could have multiple wives)


what are the five achievments of the ancient Indian empires

1.panchatantra (collection of tables)
2.math(abstract,and negative numbers, algebra)
3. astronomy(identified 7 planets, understood the rotation of the earth, and predicted sun and moon eclipses.
4. medicine, set bones, evidence of plastic surgery, had free hospitals, knew about the need for cleanliness and disinfection, had small pox vaccine.
5. inoculation, the practice of infecting a person with a mild form of the disease so they will not become ill form the more serious form.


hinduism vs buddhism

-believed in multiple gods
-trinity of gods
-founded by Siddhartha
-the middle way
similarities: religions, both came from India, cycle, birth,death,rebirth,karma,good deeds, no supreme being, no one holy book