Flashcards in Short Questions Deck (15):
What is an artefact?
Anything that has been made or used by people. Eg. pottery
What is meant by the term prehistory?
The time before writing was invented.
Name 3 types of Neolithic tombs.
Court cairns, portal dolmens, passage graves.
Name 3 Bronze Age tombs.
Wedge tombs, cist graves, standing stones.
Name 3 Celtic festivals.
Samhain, Bealtaine, Lughnasa
Name 3 types of people in the Aos Dána.
Brehons, druids, filí.
Name the 3 stages of becoming a knight.
Page, squire, knight.
What is a guild?
A guild was the organisation that regulated the business of a craft.
What are the 3 stages in becoming a craftsman?
Apprentice, journeyman, master craftsman.
Give 2 reasons why the renaissance began in Italy.
Roman ruins inspired some Italians to learn more about Ancient Rome.
Italy was divided in several prosperous city-states. The rulers of each wanted to show off their wealth by sponsoring artists.
What did Copernicus discover?
He discovered that the earth revolved around the sun and it turned on it's axis.
What did Galileo discover?
He discovered different objects of different weights fell at the same speed. He also discovered the pendulum clock. He invented his own telescope and discovered the moon's surface is rough, Jupiter has 4 moons and Saturn is encircled by rings.
What did Vesalius discover?
He cut up dead bodies so he could learn more about the human skeleton.
'Father of anatomy'
What did William Harvey discover?
He proved that the heart was a kind of pump that pushed blood around the body.