Flashcards in Short Story Deck (37):
6 elements of a short story
Setting, plot, conflict, character, POV, theme
Time and location a story takes place
Attributes of a setting
Place, time, weather conditions, social conditions, mood and atmosphere
Planned logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end.
Intro, rising action, climax, falling action, denouement.
Three parts of climax
Main character receives new info. Character accepts info. Character acts on info.
Opposition of forces which ties on incident to another and makes the plot move
Two types of conflicts
External and internal
A struggle with a force outside one self
A struggle within oneself. A person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper.
4 kinds of conflict
Man v man
Man v circumstances
Man v society
Man v himself
What is a character?
Person in a work of fiction
Usually a hero or supported character in a story
Opposes the protagonist
Characteristics of a person
Must seem real. Must stay consistent.
Many aides and complex personalities
Many sided personalities that change by the end of the story
Stereotype. Has one or two characteristics that never change.
What is POV
Point of view. Defined as the angle from which the story is told
Innocent eye POV
Story is told in the eyes of a child
First person POV
The story is told by the protagonist or someone close to the protagonist
Author narrates the story and can move from character to character
The author tells the story in third person. We only know what one character knows
Told in third person. Like a camera is following the characters.
Meaning or main idea the author is trying to convey
Man struggles against nature theme
always in battle with human nature whether the drives described as sexual, material or against the against process itself
Man struggles against societal pressure theme
mankind is always struggling to determine of societal pressure is best for living
Man struggles to understand divinity theme
Mankind tries to understand and make peace with God
Crime does not pay theme
Honesty is honored and criminals will eventually be caught
Overcoming adversity theme
Many short stories have characters who accept tough situations and turn it into a triumph
Friendship is dependent on sacrifice theme
One can't have friends if one does not act like a friend
The importance of family theme
Sacrifices of family are honored and explored as are the family bounds that survive adversity.
Yin and yang theme
just when life is finally going to be easy, something bad happens to balance it all out
Love is the worthiest of pursuits theme
many writers assert the idea that love conquers all, appealing to the romantic side of readers.
Death is a part of the life cycle theme
life and death and intricately connected
Sacrifices bring reward theme
sacrifices and hard work pay off in the end, despite the challenges along the way