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soph lit fall final > Short Story > Flashcards

Flashcards in Short Story Deck (37):
0

6 elements of a short story

Setting, plot, conflict, character, POV, theme

1

Setting

Time and location a story takes place

2

Attributes of a setting

Place, time, weather conditions, social conditions, mood and atmosphere

3

Plot

Planned logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end.

4

Plot essentials

Intro, rising action, climax, falling action, denouement.

5

Three parts of climax

Main character receives new info. Character accepts info. Character acts on info.

6

Conflict

Opposition of forces which ties on incident to another and makes the plot move

7

Two types of conflicts

External and internal

8

External conflict

A struggle with a force outside one self

9

Internal conflict

A struggle within oneself. A person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper.

10

4 kinds of conflict

Man v man
Man v circumstances
Man v society
Man v himself

11

What is a character?

Person in a work of fiction

12

Protagonist

Usually a hero or supported character in a story

13

Antagonist

Opposes the protagonist

14

Characteristics of a person

Must seem real. Must stay consistent.

15

Individual/Round character

Many aides and complex personalities

16

Developing/Dynamic character

Many sided personalities that change by the end of the story

17

Static/Flat character

Stereotype. Has one or two characteristics that never change.

18

What is POV

Point of view. Defined as the angle from which the story is told

19

Innocent eye POV

Story is told in the eyes of a child

20

First person POV

The story is told by the protagonist or someone close to the protagonist

21

Omniscient POV

Author narrates the story and can move from character to character

22

Omniscient limited

The author tells the story in third person. We only know what one character knows

23

Omniscient objective

Told in third person. Like a camera is following the characters.

24

Theme

Meaning or main idea the author is trying to convey

25

Man struggles against nature theme

always in battle with human nature whether the drives described as sexual, material or against the against process itself

26

Man struggles against societal pressure theme

mankind is always struggling to determine of societal pressure is best for living

27

Man struggles to understand divinity theme

Mankind tries to understand and make peace with God

28

Crime does not pay theme

Honesty is honored and criminals will eventually be caught

29

Overcoming adversity theme

Many short stories have characters who accept tough situations and turn it into a triumph

30

Friendship is dependent on sacrifice theme

One can't have friends if one does not act like a friend

31

The importance of family theme

Sacrifices of family are honored and explored as are the family bounds that survive adversity.

32

Yin and yang theme

just when life is finally going to be easy, something bad happens to balance it all out

33

Love is the worthiest of pursuits theme

many writers assert the idea that love conquers all, appealing to the romantic side of readers.

34

Death is a part of the life cycle theme

life and death and intricately connected

35

Sacrifices bring reward theme

sacrifices and hard work pay off in the end, despite the challenges along the way

36

Human beings all have the same needs theme

All human beings need love and other needs