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Flashcards in Short story terms Deck (31):
1

Plot

The organization of incidents within a story (5 elements)

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The 5 elements of plot

Introduction, rising action, climax, denouement, conclusion

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Introduction

Beginning, raises interest, gives setting, contains background, introduces characters, establishes atmosphere or mood

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Rising action

Events before the climax during which conflicts are introduced, suspense is built up, begins with a complication or initial incident

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Climax

The highest point of emotional intensity, usually marks a turning point in the protagonist's fortunes, NOT the same as crisis, may be many small crises leading up to the climax

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Denouement

The unknotting of the plot and conflict, often omitted in order to have a surprise ending

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Conclusion

Final outcome, ending, can also be a surprise ending

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Setting

Time, place, mood

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Protagonist

Main character

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Antagonist

Force against protagonist

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Static character

Does not change

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Dynamic character

Undergoes major and lasting change

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Round character

Realistic, several sides to its personality

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Flat character

Minor character who has only one apparent quality

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Stereotype

Fixed character whose qualities are highlighter to fit a certain pattern or type

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Foil

Character whose behaviour, attitudes, etc contrast with those of the protagonist in order to help understand the character motivation

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Types of conflict (3)

Character vs environment, character vs character, character vs self

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Theme

Central idea (message) of the story, represents the author's attitude towards some universal truth

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Purpose

Not the same as theme, main effect the story is attended to achieve

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Epiphany

A moment of significant insight and realization

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Foreshadowing

A hint of what is to come

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Types of irony (3)

Verbal, dramatic, situational

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Verbal irony

When there is a contrast between what a character says and what they mean

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Dramatic irony

The author shares information with the reader that a character does not know

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Situational irony

Circumstances turn out differently than is expected or desired

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Point of view

Perspective from which the story is told or seen

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1st person narrative

Uses "I"

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Limited omniscient

Told from one character's point of view

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Omniscient

Reader knows and sees all

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2nd person narrative

Uses "you"

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Short story

A brief fictional prose narrative having one main character, a single plot, a limited number of settings and one main single event