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Health And Social A Level > Single Miss Greenfield > Flashcards

Flashcards in Single Miss Greenfield Deck (38):
1

What is growth

A variable across different parts of the body and is measured using height, weight and dimensions

2

What is Development

Follows an orderly sequence and is the acquisition of skills and abilities

3

How many bones do babies have at birth

300 but then they fuse into 206 bones that adults have and are made of cartilage

4

What are the six life stages

1.) Infancy (0-2 years)
2.) Early Childhood (3-8 years)
3.) Adolescence ( 9-18 years)
4.) Early adulthood ( 19 - 45)
5.) Middle adulthood ( 46-65 )
6.)Later adulthood ( 65+)

5

What does PIES stand for

Physical
Intellectual
Emotional
Social

6

What is physical development

Growth, visually in height and weight, physical activity such as walking

7

What is intellectual development

Also named cognitive, progression of thinking and learning skills main areas = language

8

What is emotional development

learning to deal with, recognise and express our emotions,

9

What is social development

Formation of relationships and acquiring ability to be part of a group

10

How to measure infancy in growth

Length, weight, diameter of head

11

What is a reflex

Actions that are not in our control, babies have primitive reflexes

12

Rooting reflex

Causes babies to turn their cheek in the direction of touch and helps to navigate to mothers breast

13

Sucking Reflex

Causes babies to suck any object near their mouth, helps them to feed

14

Moro reflex

Causes babies to fling their arms outwards, arch their back and bring their arms together as if holding something, response to loud noise

15

Grasping reflex

Babies curl their fingers tightly around object placed in palm

16

Tonic neck reflex

Causes babies to turn their heads, arms and head to one side when laid on their back , flex limbs to opposite side

17

Stepping reflex

Causes babies to lift their legs, as if about to walk when upright

18

Babinski reflex`

Causes babies to fan then curl their toes when the bottom of their foot is stroked.

19

What is a gross motor skill

large movements that involve using the large muscles of the body which are required for mobility,
running, throwing, walking, jumping

20

What is a fine motor skill

Smaller movements, precise direction
Picking up a pencil, dressing yourself, feeding yourseld

21

Gross motor skill milestone

1.) Born - babies have no control over head
2.) 6 months - babies have full control over head
3.) 9 months - able to sit up unaided, begin to crawl
4.) 12 -15 months - walking alone
5.) 18 month - climb on furniture
6) 2 years - walking up and down steps 2 feet on one

22

Fine motor skill milestones

1.) Born - automatic grasp reflex
2.) 6 month - child will grasp whats put In hands
3.) 9 month - child can use finger and thumb for pincer grasp
4.) 12 months - hold a crayon, manipulate toys
5.) 15 month - take a spoon to mouth
6.) 2 year - draws lines and circles

23

Types of intellectual development

- Problem solving, work things out, predict
- Language, express thoughts
- Memory, storing and recalling info
- Moral, making choices and reasoning
- Abstract thought, thinking things cant be observed

24

What is egocentric

where you can only see the world from your point of view

25

How babies communicate

1.) Cooing
2.) Babble - limited range of sound, can get attention
3.) Babbling - Blending vowel and consonants make tuneful sounds ( da)
4.) Two word utterances - 2 words put together
5.) Holophrases - one word in several situations, tone of voice and context helps adult understand 10 - 15 words

26

What is bonding

The process of forming a close attachment between a carer / parent and child

27

What is attachment

The bond between children and parents

28

Stages of bonding

1.) 7-12 months children bond with carer, cry if held vy others
2) 12 months - infants form bonds with others
3.)

29

John Bowlby attachment theory

- Theory of attachment suggests that children come into world biologically pre -programmed to form attachments to help them survive
- Also suggests the fear of strangers represents survival mechanism built in by nature
- Baby born with tenency to display innate behaviour ensure closeness and contact with mother

30

Stages of bonding

1.) new born - smile at parents
2.) 0-3 months - enjoys cuddling
3.) 3 month - smile, recognise familiar faces
4.) 4- 5 - knows only has one mother
5.) 6 month - afraid of strangers
6.) 9 month - likes comfort objects
7.) 12 month - shy towards strangers

31

Emotional literacy

Ability to recognise, understand, and apropriatley express emotion,= forming positive relationships

32

Empathy

The ability to identify with or understand anothers situations or feelings

33

Friendships

learning to value others, develop skills needed to make friendships

34

Relationships

Develop skills to interact with other formal and informal

35

Socialisation

Learning the social norms of your culture, learn the norms values and behaviour

36

Concrete logical thinking

The ability to solve problems providing an individual can see or physically handle the issues involved.

37

Equilibrium

A state of cognitive balance when a child’s experience is in line with what they understand.

38

Disequilibrium

A state of cognitive imbalance between experience and what is understood.