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Flashcards in small intestine Deck (12):
1

Causes of Malabsorption syndrome

1) infections:
2)Structural defects
3)postsurgery
4)mucosal abnormalities
5)systemic diseases
6) enzyme deficiences

2

infectious Malabsorption syndrome

- bacteria:
- e.g. E.coli
- Wipple disease
- tuberculosis
- virus
- e.g. HIV
- parasites
- e.g. Giardia lamblia

3

structural defects Malabsorption syndrome

- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
- e.g. Crohn’s disease
- autoimmune diseases
- e.g. SLE

4

postsurgery malabsorption syndrome

-gastroectomy
-weight loss surgery
-short bowel syndrome (resection of small intestine)

5

mucosal abnormalities malabsorption syndrome

-celiac disease

6

systemic diseases
malabsorption syndrome

-diabetes mellitus
-addison's disease

7

enzyme dificiencies malabsorption syndrome

-lactose intolerance
-pancreatic insufficiency

8

signs and symptoms of malabsorption syndrom

-chronic diarrhea with steatorrhea
-abdominal bloating
-Malnutrition

9

signs of malnutrition

- edema anywhere in the body (protein
deficiency)
- muscle cramping
- osteomalacia, osteoporosis
(vitamin D and calcium deficiency)
- anemia (vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron
deficiencies)
- bleeding tendencies
- weight loss (deficiency of all nutrients)

10

malabsorption syndrome diagnosis

-blood test
-stool test
-schilling test
-lactose intolerance test
-CT or MRI (structural only)

11

Celiac Disease A.K.A's

- Celiac Sprue
- Non-Tropical Sprue
- Gluten Entheropathy
- Gluten Intolerance

12

Causes of celiac disease

-autoimmune disorder
- any age
-genetic predisposition
-damage of SMALL INTESTINE VILLI
-antigen on chromosome 6