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Flashcards in Soc. Early People Deck (38)
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0
Q

Archaeologist

A

Scientist

Studies what life long ago was like for people

1
Q

History

A

Written and other recorded events of people

2
Q

Social class

A

A group of people who share the same level in society

3
Q

Artifacts

A

Things made/used by early people

4
Q

Anthropologist

A

Scientists who study the origin, culture, and values of diff people

5
Q

Nomad

A

Person who has no single settlement or home

6
Q

Fertile

A

Nutrients in soil

7
Q

Domesticate

A

Tame animals and plants for human use

8
Q

Paleolithic, Neolithic diff. HOUSES

A

Pal. Caves, simple shelters

Neolithic. Mud brick houses, villages

9
Q

Irrigation

A

Way of watering crops

10
Q

Paleolithic

A

Earliest period of the Stone Age marked by crudely or tough chipped stone implements
(Old Stone Age)

11
Q

Artisan

A

Skilled worker who made metal products, cloth, or pottery

12
Q

Homo Habilis time period

WHAT WERE THEY THE FIRST TO DISCOVER/USE

A

2 mil- 1 mil year ago

TOOLS(flint, stone, bone, antler, wood

13
Q

Paleolithic Neolithic diff: food

A

Paleolithic: hunted, fished, berries
Neolithic: domesticating animals, farming

14
Q

Oral tradition

A

Stories passed down through generations by word of mouth

15
Q

Neolithic

A

New Stone Age

16
Q

How did domesticating animals help Neolithic people?

A
  1. Food(milk, meat)

2. Cloth(wool)

17
Q

How did tech. Impact Paleolithic people lives

A

Tools and methods to perform tasks: technology

18
Q

Catal huyuk and Jericho

A

Earliest known communities

19
Q

Civilization

A

Complex societies

20
Q

What is specialization

A

Development of a job

21
Q

What did scientists study to figure out how and why Ötzi the iceman died?

A
  • knife in hand
  • wounds
  • cuts, blood
  • they used theories
22
Q

Paleolithic Neolithic differences: tools

A

Paleolithic: flint, stone
Neolithic: copper, bronze, sophisticated

23
Q

Evolutions of people in order

A
Australopithecus 
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
Homo sapiens Neanderthal
Homo sapiens cro-magnon
Homo sapiens sapiens modern humans
24
Q

Surplus

A

Amount or quality greater than needed (excess, abundant)

25
Q

Homo sapiens cro-magnon

A

40,000- 10,000 years ago

26
Q

Pal. Neolithic diff: jobs

A

Paleolithic: men hunted, women gathered food, took care of family
Neolithic: specialization, men herded, farmed, and protected the village

27
Q

Fossils

A

Trace or imprint of animal/plant that has been preserved in rock

27
Q

What materials were Paleolithic/homo habilis tools made of

A

Bone, wood, antler, stone/flint

29
Q

Homo erectus time period

WHAT WERE THEY THE FIRST TO MAKE/USE

A

1.5 mil- 250,000 years ago

THE DISCOVERED/USED FIRE

30
Q

Prehistory

A

Before history

31
Q

5 things archaeologists try to uncover about people’s lives

A
Culture
Community
Communication 
Religion
Traditions
32
Q

Homo sapiens modern human time period

A

10,000- present day

33
Q

First people to make/use tools

A

Homo habilis

34
Q

What were Neolithic tools made of

A

Copper and bronze,

Sophisticated

36
Q

Who were the first people to make fire

A

Homo erectus

37
Q

Homo sapiens Neanderthal time period

A

100,000- 40,000 years ago

42
Q

Australopithecus time period

A

5 mil- 1 mil years ago