Sociocultural Definitions Flashcards Preview

Psychology IB > Sociocultural Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sociocultural Definitions Deck (16):
1

Attribution theory

Human beings make observations and based off these observations, they come up with reasons or causes

2

Dispositional factors

Factors inside an individual relating to a person’s characteristics

3

Situational factors

Factors outside an individual that they cannot control

4

Actor- observer effect

When trying to understand behaviour, we make inferences on intention and responsibility depending on if we do it ourselves or observe someone else doing it

5

Social Identity Theory

Individuals strive to enhance image by improving their self- esteem by personal success or fitting with successful groups
Personal and social identities

6

Social categorisation

Categorising people into specific groups
Favouritism and stereotyping

7

Social comparison

Analyse benefits of belonging to in-group against out-group which boosts self-esteem. Or blame and criticise out-group to find scapegoat for in-group failures

8

Stereotypes

Cognitive representations of a social group that helps to simplify social world and allow assumptions to be made with limited information. Allows prediction of behaviour of others and false predictions and creates a system of categorisation

9

Illusory correlation

A perception can be formed that there is a relationship between events and actions when there is no relationship

10

Culture

A set of beliefs, attitudes, behaviours and traditions we share with large groups of people and give us a sense of belonging

11

Cultural norms

Behaviour patterns typical of a cultural group. Resistant to change and are passed down the generations.
Gives a sense of control, order and belonging

12

Etic

The idea one behaviour in one culture applies to all cultures. Assume behaviour is universal. Decide what to measure before they get there.

13

Emic

Behaviour is culturally specific so need to examine cultural norms and values first before adapting and assembling an instrument that is culturally specific. Only gain accurate knowledge of the culture from within the culture.

14

Compliance

Agreeing with what others say irrespective of your own personal views

15

Compliance techniques

Methods one will feel obligated to comply with another’s wishes

16

Foot in the door

Small favour made initially and then followed up with larger request
Cialdini said it is due to commitment made