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Flashcards in Sociologists Deck (25)
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1
Q

Aries says…

A

Childhood didn’t exist, he looks at paintings and sees they are all very similar, once a child is socialised they are simply small adults.

2
Q

Pollack says what…

COUNTER-ARGUMENT FOR ARIES

A

More correct to say middle ages simply had a different notion of childhood.

3
Q

What does Postman say?

A

Childhood is disappearing because of the same rights, same crimes and a lack of unsupervised game time.

4
Q

What does Jenks say?

A

Childhood is changing not disappearing.

Modern society concerned with future and childhood is seen to prepare them to become a productive adult

5
Q

Who says there are two roles of the family?

A

Parsons (1955)

  • primary socialisation
  • stabilisation of adult personalities
6
Q

What are MURDOCHS 4 functions of the family?

A
  • economic
  • reproductive
  • stable satisfaction of sex drive
  • socialisation
7
Q

What does Poulantzas say?

A

Sees family as a superstructure of society & family plays an ideological apparatus which the bourgeoise use to create norms

8
Q

What does Parsons (1955) say about domestic division of labour?

A

Expressive and instrumental roles

Expressive - woman, express herself by making home nice

Instrumental - men, bread winner

9
Q

What does Bott say?

A

Bott talks about joint and segregated conjugal roles.

Joint - share house work

Segregated - woman does domestic, men does paid work

10
Q

Who says there are 4 things that lead to a symmetrical family?

A

Young and Willmott (1973)

11
Q

What 4 things lead to a symmetrical family according to Young and Wilmott?

A
  • geographical mobility
  • equal rights for women in society
  • new technology
  • better standards of living
12
Q

Who rejects the march of progress in the division of labour?

A

Oakley

Silly feminist

13
Q

What does Oakley say?

A

Men ‘help’ around the house but the main responsibility still remains with the woman.

14
Q

Who is the main theorist for the Personal Life Perspective?

A

Carol Smart

15
Q

What theory says women are domestic and are there to destress men?

A

Warm Bath Theory

16
Q

Who says ‘wives who work full time do less house work’?

A

Gershuny

17
Q

Who talks about women having the ‘dual burden’ of paid and domestic work?

A

Ferri & Smith

18
Q

Who talks about a ‘triple shift’ doing paid work, domestic work and childcare?

A

Mardsen

19
Q

What do Silver & Shor say?

A

Burden of housework for women has reduced due to commercialisation.

20
Q

Who says ‘couples whos parents had a more equal relationship are more likely to share the load’?

A

Gershuny

21
Q

What did Kan find?

A

For every £10,000 women earned they did 2 hours less of housework a week.

22
Q

Who studied professional couples and found that

Very important decisions - men or joint but men have final say

Important decisions - joint or just female

Less important decisions - female

A

Stephen Edgell

23
Q

Who found that ‘gay/lesbian couples attached no meaning to who controls money’?

A

Carol Smart (2007)

24
Q

What do Pahl and Vogler say?

A

Allowance system - women given budget

Pooling system - both partners have access to income & take joint responsibility for spending

25
Q

What does Sue Palmer say?

A

Toxic childhood