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Flashcards in Sociology Unit 1 Deck (29):
1

Scientific Methods

Research based on observable, empirical and measurable evidence that precedes from observation hypothesis-testing then evaluation.

2

Sociological Imagination

A form of critical thinking that examines the social world from multiple points of view. It see's the social information behaviour.

3

Theory

A theory is a statement about the way the world is believed to work. The role of the sociological theories is to explain social behaviour in the world. For example, why are some people racist or sexist or ageist.

4

Sociological Perspective

A sociological perspective is a collection or theories that provides researchers with a model to guide and reflect upon their social research.

5

Feminism

A theoretical perspective that advocates for gender equality by opposing sexism and patriarchy.

6

Research Methods

The ways in which researchers collect data, conduct research and analyse findings.

7

Experiment

Controlled research that involves testing the effect of one variable on another variable, usually by comparing results from a control group to an experimental group.

8

Survey

Research involving participants responding to a set of questions or statements that are usually analysed statistically.

9

Questionnaire

Research involving a set of planned questions for participants to answer which is usually analysed statistically.

10

Interview

Research whereby a participant is asked to answer a series of questions through a one-on-one conversation.

11

Fieldwork

Research involving the careful observation and recording of participant behaviour in a naturalistic setting.

12

Participant observation

Research involving the careful watching and recording of participant (subject) behaviour in a clinical or naturalistic setting.

13

Secondary analysis

Research involving the study of data conducted by someone else.

14

Historical analysis

Research involving the use of primary sources and other original evidence to form accounts of the past.

15

Quantitative data

Numerical information that has been collected in research that reflects the quantity of what is being studied.

16

Qualitative data

Descriptive information that has been collected in research that includes words, descriptions, pictures and other qualities of what is being studied. Commonly used in the social sciences.

17

Ethnicity

The particular cultural features that are shared by a distinctive group or population. The social traits shared by these groupings include nationality, ideology and lifestyles. Common language, common cultural and religious practises and a common ancestry support the ethnic identity.

18

Cultural Hybridity

The process of combining and drawing upon different cultural and ethnic identities to create a new hybridised culture

19

Baby Boomer

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1946 and 1964.

20

Generation Y

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1980 and 1994

21

Generation Z

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1995 and 2009

22

Digital Native

A person born into a generation in which information and communication technology (ICT) already existed, and who has therefore used ICT from a young age.

23

Digital Immigrant

A person who was born before the prevalence of information and communication technology (ICT) and subsequently learnt to use it later in life.

24

Generation X

The generation of people born between 1963 and 1980. They are described as being individualised, flexible, technologically proficient and possessing a strong work/life balance.

25

Subculture

A minority group containing members who are categorised with shared characteristics or interest such as norms, values, ethnically, social class or sexual orientation.

26

Social Class

The social identity and status of groups of people based on shared social and economic background. In Australia, the term socioeconomic status (SES) is often used interchangeably with social class.

27

Intergenerational inequity

Disadvantage that passes across multiple generations within the one family.

28

Gender

Refers to the social and culturally constructed categories of feminine and masculine, as compared to the biological categories of sex (f or m)

29

Sexual orientation

Refers to a person's physical and/or attraction to the same and/or opposite gender.