Solubility (States of Matter) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Solubility (States of Matter) Deck (16):
1

What is the formula for:
Hydrogen
Water
Carbon dioxide
Hydrochloric acid
Sulphuric acid
Nitric acid
Ammonium
Hydroxide
Nitrate
Carbonate
Sulphate?

H2
H2O
CO2
HCl
H2SO4
HNO3
NH4+
OH-
NO3-
CO32-
SO42-

2

Define solvent

A liquid which can dissolve a solid

3

Define solute

The solid which has dissolved in a liquid to make a solution

4

Define solution

A solid dissolved in a liquid.

5

Define saturated solution

A solution in which the perfect amount of solid has been dissolved.

6

Define unsaturated solution

A solution in which not as much solid has been dissolved as is possible

7

Define undissolved solid

A solution where more solid has been added than the saturation point, leaving crystals of solid that aren’t dissolved.

8

What is solubility measured in?

g/100g of solvent

9

What happens to the saturation point as the temperature increases?

It also increases.

10

Which nitrates are soluble/insoluble?

All are soluble

11

Which group one salts are soluble/insoluble?

All are soluble

12

Which ammonium salts are soluble/insoluble?

All are soluble

13

Which sulphates are soluble/insoluble?

Most are soluble except for Barium, Calcium and Lead (II), which are insoluble

14

Which carbonates are soluble/insoluble?

Ammonium and group ones are soluble, but most are insoluble

15

Which hydroxides are soluble/insoluble?

Group ones (and Calcium is slightly soluble) are soluble, but most are insoluble

16

Which chlorides are soluble/insoluble?

Most are soluble except for silver and lead (II), which are insoluble